Essay on Agricultural Production And Agricultural Productivity

Essay on Agricultural Production And Agricultural Productivity

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Spoor’s (2007) proposes that ‘income poverty’ in the countries with predominantly rural poverty can be fought through improving agricultural productivity, increasing accessibility of food and employment improvement. Since ‘Income poverty’ is high in post-Soviet Tajikistan and largely has a ‘rural’ face, Spoor (2007) ideas can be applicable.

The agricultural reform promoting a switch from state and collective farms to individual and family type farms largely had positive effects on both agricultural production and agricultural productivity in the post-Soviet Tajikistan. Zvi and Sedik (2009) analysing productivity growth and agricultural production in two Central Asian countries, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, argue that the “policy-driven switch” implemented as early as 1997 show that positive changes occurred not due to the increase in the resources, but the increase in the productivity and the changes in the farming structure in Tajikistan. In fact, the agricultural production and land productivity exceed the productivity level of the former Soviet collective farms (Asadov, 2013; Sedik and Lerman, 2009a; Sedik and Lerman, 2009b). Since agricultural productivity drastically increased since 1997 with the agricultural land remaining the same, the authors make suggestions that the productivity of lands was increased. Agricultural labor increased as well, though at a slower pace than the land productivity. A Tajik author, Asadov (2013) is, however, convinced that these evidences should be taken with a grain of salt, because much of the increase in productivity of land and labour is due to the shifts in land ownership rather than intensification of farming. In support of this, for instance, Sedik and Lerman (2009b) show that the agri...

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...le and Swinnen, 2007). During the Soviet time, access to the public goods, such as education, public health and social benefits was comparatively high. Some authors argue that in some places in Tajikistan the social benefits in the rural dwellers sometimes exceeded those of the urban inhabitants. (Spoor, 2007) With the fall of Soviet Union and the decentralisation, the burden of social services provision was put on solely on the capacity of the regions. Local administration was unable to substitute the provision of social services due to weak tax bases and lack of financial resources. The individualisation of the agriculture deprived the farmers from the state-provided social services and often cannot afford the increasingly expansive social goods. Moreover, the inequality in access to the public goods sometimes leads to conflicts and social unrests. (Spoor, 2007)

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