Aggression and Violence in Sports Essay

Aggression and Violence in Sports Essay

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Rival and Non-Rival Teams. In a study, by Raney and Kinnally (2009) researchers investigated perceived violent and enjoyment by spectators. Participates viewed American intercollegiate football games featuring hometown teams between rival and non-rival teams. A total of 568 participates viewed one of four televised competitions, two of which were heated rivals and two were non-rivals and subsequently the participants were interviewed following the game. An equal number of men and women were survey using a 7–point scale (from “not at all” [1] to “extremely” [7]) rating their level of enjoyment of the games. Researchers concluded that the higher levels of violence reported in the games, the greater the enjoyment was had by the spectators than from the games with lower levels of violence (Raney & Kinnally, 2009). Rivalries are of course the soul of sports, pitting one’s hometown team against their adversaries. Media consistently capitalizes on this knowledge that rivalries draw fans in, as well as take advantage of the impact that violence has on spectator enjoyment through their commentaries and coverage.
Scripted and Unscripted Play. In another study, researching the influence of sports violence on viewer’s enjoyment, mood, and perception of violence, Raney and Depalma (2006) had participates view videotaped sports events that included “unscripted” violence play, “scripted” violent play and no violence play. “Unscripted” violence, in this study, refers to the violent play that naturally occurs during the game and “scripted” violence refers to the “choreographed violence” that is popular today in many sporting arenas (e.g., wrestling, roller derby, Slamball). The 188 participates complete a 30 minute questionnaire measu...


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...G. W., & Russell, A. M. (1984). Sports Penalties: An Alternative Means of Measuring Aggression. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 12(1), 69–74.
Sullivan, D. b. (1991). Commentary and viewer perception of player hostility: Adding punch to televised sports. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 35(4), 487.
Tucker, L. W., & Parks, J. B. (2001). Effects of Gender and Sport Type on Intercollegiate Athletes’ Perceptions of the Legitimacy of Aggressive Behaviors in Sport. Sociology of Sport Journal, 18(4), 403–413.
White, G. F. (1989). Media and Violence: The Case of Professional Football Championship Games. Aggressive Behavior, 15(6), 423–433.
Zani, B., & Kirchler, E. (1991). When Violence Overshadows the Spirit of Sporting Competition: Italian Football Fans and their Clubs. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 1(1), 5–21.


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Aggression and Violence in Sports Essay

- Rival and Non-Rival Teams. In a study, by Raney and Kinnally (2009) researchers investigated perceived violent and enjoyment by spectators. Participates viewed American intercollegiate football games featuring hometown teams between rival and non-rival teams. A total of 568 participates viewed one of four televised competitions, two of which were heated rivals and two were non-rivals and subsequently the participants were interviewed following the game. An equal number of men and women were survey using a 7–point scale (from “not at all” [1] to “extremely” [7]) rating their level of enjoyment of the games....   [tags: rival, nonrival teams, enjoyment]

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