Scripted and Unscripted Play. In another study, researching the influence of sports violence on viewer’s enjoyment, mood, and perception of violence, Raney and Depalma (2006) had participates view videotaped sports events that included “unscripted” violence play, “scripted” violent play and no violence play. “Unscripted” violence, in this study, refers to the violent play that naturally occurs during the game and “scripted” violence refers to the “choreographed violence” that is popular today in many sporting arenas (e.g., wrestling, roller derby, Slamball). The 188 participates complete a 30 minute questionnaire measu...
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...G. W., & Russell, A. M. (1984). Sports Penalties: An Alternative Means of Measuring Aggression. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 12(1), 69–74.
Sullivan, D. b. (1991). Commentary and viewer perception of player hostility: Adding punch to televised sports. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 35(4), 487.
Tucker, L. W., & Parks, J. B. (2001). Effects of Gender and Sport Type on Intercollegiate Athletes’ Perceptions of the Legitimacy of Aggressive Behaviors in Sport. Sociology of Sport Journal, 18(4), 403–413.
White, G. F. (1989). Media and Violence: The Case of Professional Football Championship Games. Aggressive Behavior, 15(6), 423–433.
Zani, B., & Kirchler, E. (1991). When Violence Overshadows the Spirit of Sporting Competition: Italian Football Fans and their Clubs. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 1(1), 5–21.
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