Essay on Aggregation of Individual Judgments and Priorities

Essay on Aggregation of Individual Judgments and Priorities

Length: 1006 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The decision makers have made their judgements from comparing criteria and alternatives. The next step is the aggregation of those judgements. There are two main aggregation methods: Aggregation of Individual Judgements (AIJ) and Aggregation of Individual Priorities (AIP).

Aggregation of Individual Judgements
Given a hierarchy, the decision makers input their judgements in each level. In this kind of aggregation, judgements are aggregated in each level of hierarchy. Forman and Peniwati (1998) state that
“individual identities are lost with every stage of aggregation and a synthesis of the hierarchy produces the group’s priorities.”
N decision makers will generate at least N judgement matrices. A judgement matrix is the matrix that contains the pairwise comparisons of criteria and alternatives. In this type of aggregation, the pairwise comparison matrices are aggregated using Geometric Mean.

Aggregation of Individual Priorities
Each decision maker input his/her own judgment in the judgment matrix for each level of the decision tree. In the end, the final priorities of the alternatives are calculated. Those final priority matrices are aggregated and give the final group ranking of alternatives.
Escobar and Moreno-Jimenez (2007) suggested another method called Aggregation of Individual Preference Structures (AIPS).
In this type of aggregation the decision problem is solved N times. This means that the priorities of each decision maker are computed. Those priorities are aggregated using Geometric mean.
The figure below shows the difference between the two methods of aggregation.


DM1



DM2


DMn


DM1



DM2


DMn

Figure 2-4. Aggregation using AIJ and AIP

2.8.2 Aggregation of judgements in ...


... middle of paper ...


...ble alternatives should be clearly declared 3. The group members should be aware of the positive outcomes from the implementation of each alternative. The decision makers should exactly know the positive effects of each alternative. 4. The negative effects of each alternative should be clearly declared. The decision makers should understand what exactly the negative results are of each alternative. Hirokawa (1985) conducted research upon functional perspective in discussion formats n order to check where the quality of decision is increased. The discussion formats are the following:

1. Reflective – thinking format
2. Ideal – Solution format
3. Single – Question format
4. Free Discussion format

Hirokawa (1985) showed that the effectiveness of the group decision making is totally influenced by the functional perspective regardless of the discussion format.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Personal Priorities and Resulting Actions

- Many times during the process of decision-making, personal preferences come into account and prove to be very influential towards the resulting judgment. In certain situations, these decisions may be of such importance that they have the ability to cause divides and even tear apart a once united nation. During the American Revolution, there were two main groups of citizens, the loyalists and the patriots. The loyalists were those American citizens who chose to support the British forces during the Revolutionary War....   [tags: American History, American Revolution]

Strong Essays
1605 words (4.6 pages)

Ethical Judgments and the Production of Knowledge Essay

- Humans are rational and emotional creatures whose intellect allows for the evaluation of behaviors and actions. These evaluations help humans rule over actions and create ethical judgments. Ethical judgments dictate over what should be done and restrict the way of being of individuals. Ethical judgments have an impact in the methods available in the production of knowledge, but are not considered hindrances since they affirm the principles of human morality and are needed to judge knowledge claims....   [tags: The Stem Cell Debate]

Strong Essays
1232 words (3.5 pages)

Value Pluralism and Absolute Moral Judgments Essay

- Widespread and deep moral disagreements are persistently resistant to rational solutions and thus allow for continuing debate over the validity of moral judgments. This paper will discuss prominent positions regarding whether moral judgments may be true and false in an absolute sense or a relative sense, in light of the diverse and intense disagreement in moral judgment. This paper will defend the pluralistic conclusion that if there are not specific universal values, there is at least a minimum value of humanity without which a society could not survive....   [tags: Normative Moral Relativity, Moral Objectivity]

Strong Essays
1552 words (4.4 pages)

Value Pluralism and Absolute Moral Judgments Essay

- Widespread and deep moral disagreements are persistently resistant to rational solutions and thus allow for continuing debate over the validity of moral judgments. This paper will discuss prominent positions regarding whether moral judgments may be true and false in an absolute sense or a relative sense, in light of the diverse and intense disagreement in moral judgment. This paper will defend the pluralistic conclusion that if there are not specific universal values, there is at least a minimum value of humanity without which a society could not survive....   [tags: normative moral relativity, moral objectivity]

Strong Essays
1552 words (4.4 pages)

Ethical Judgments in the Arts and the Natural Sciences Essay

- Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss. When talking about ethics we have to take in account that it is based on the socially standardized concept of some things being good and some things being bad. Therefore what might be seen as socially unethical arts for some people, in another society or in another time, it probably won’t be so. The same is true for the natural sciences. And even if we take our western society as a base, there are some aspects of ethics and some specific topics of which people do not have a standardized opinion....   [tags: Ethics Essays]

Strong Essays
1298 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Individual Identity And Individual Identities

- Individual identity is how an individual relates to them self, as well as how others relate to the individual (Bessant & Watts 2002, p.153). This occurs as other people reflect back to us their impression of ourselves (Plummer 2010, p.22). Indeed, the body is central to how our self is recognised by others and how we derive our identities (Back et al. 2012, p.98). Individual identities are shaped in various ways, such as with others’ belief in essentialism – the assumption that all people of a certain group have the same characteristics (Bessant & Watts 2002, p.154), or via face-to-face relationships (Back et al....   [tags: Sociology, Individual, Identity formation]

Strong Essays
1744 words (5 pages)

Volkswagen of America: Managing IT Priorities Essay

- Volkswagen of America’s decision to establish and cultivate its IT through the late 1990s came at a proper time. Not only were Volkswagen’s new products hitting the American market with promise to revive the company’s brands, but also consumers were coming to expect features like e-marketing and efficient product distribution. Dr. Uwe Matulovic, the new Chief Information Officer (CIO) of Volkswagen of America (VWoA), had two primary concerns: defining governance and establishing development process directives....   [tags: Process, Management]

Strong Essays
925 words (2.6 pages)

State of the Union - Administrative Priorities Essay

- American Manufacturing This particular issue is important to President Barrack Obama Since he illustrates in his 2012 Union of the state speech that by the time he took charge of the office, the American auto industry was on the verge of collapsing and he was not about to let that happen considering that 1 million individuals jobs were about to be rendered jobless. He has since ensured that General Motors is back at the apex of the globe’s automakers. Moreover, Chrysler and Ford have rewarded the president’s efforts by creating approximately 160,000 additional jobs....   [tags: U.S. Government ]

Strong Essays
1063 words (3 pages)

Volkswagen of America: Managing IT Priorities Essay

- IT Budgeting In 2002, ELT at VWoA along with IT Organization supported a new business unit within VWoA, as a single point of governance for all IT issues. The reason Dr. Matulovic was moved from Germany to US for design, establish and then leading the new Organization. The budgets for IT projects at VWoA were controlled through a process that involves several organizational entities that establish priorities. There are four specific teams involved in this process: the ELT (Executive Leadership Team), the ITSC (IT Steering Committee), the PMO (Project Management Office), and the DBC (Digital Business Council.) The ELT is responsible for executing the NRG (Next Round of Growth) strategy in wh...   [tags: Process, Implementation]

Strong Essays
1454 words (4.2 pages)

Judgments of Conduct in Sense and Sensibility Essay

- Sense and Sensibility is an elegant story that portrays the advantages of the first over the second, as manifested between two sisters of opposing temperaments, one of whom loves wisely and the other passionately. Set in London and its surrounding countryside, the story relates how Elinor, the eldest of Mrs. Dashwood's daughters, and Marianne, the second eldest, share in the agony of tragic love. In the opening of the book, Mrs. Dashwood and her three daughters are forced to move to a new and smaller abode, as her husband's death left her fairly unwealthy....   [tags: Austen Sense Sensibility Essays]

Strong Essays
1013 words (2.9 pages)