b. False: The work of scientists during that time was highly promoted and accepted by other thinkers by applying it to everyday life problems and depicting it art forms.
c. True: These intellectuals wanted to rid the Western culture of irrationality, superstition, and tyranny.
d. False: Enlightenment thinkers sought to define clear rules and laws through rational thought.
e. True: The Age of Enlightenment was defined by seeking truth by reason and logical thinking which is utilizing the empirical formula.
f. False: Absolutism can be traced back to the Middle Ages in Europe and even further back in Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. The Enlightenment thinker Hobbes was supporter of absolutism. Liberalism became popular also during the Age of Enlightenment with the help of philosopher Locke.
g. False: His design was deemed impractical and his following works were styles of the previous 150 years.
h. True: In John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government religious authority was contested and human were thought of as “free, equal, and independent”. This thinking would dictate the revolutions to come.
i. True: The common theme for the Age of Enlightenment was rational thinking and progress.
2. During the 18th century the rich and middle class abandon their homes in the city for countryside lands eventually creating a suburbia. Their city homes were converted to tenements for the new immigrants and very poor. The once beautiful city of London was now crumbling, becoming home to drunks, prostitutes, thieves, violence and everything else associated with slums. The satire artists sought to shed light on the turmoil that was occurrin...
... middle of paper ...
...e and eventually taking control completely. The French revolution was full of violence and radical ideas that would eventually embark on a global change in government.
13. The phrases “the Rights of Man”, “human rights”, and “natural rights” were phrases used by many Enlightenment thinkers to describe what they felt people of their own country or area were entitled to. Similar to Captain James Cook expeditions, his mission was to extend human knowledge but was still claiming these new lands or territories for the British crown. These lands were already inhabited by other people with their own political system, way of life, and culture. To enforce a claim on these lands would be going against the previous phrases used by Enlightenment thinkers. Therefore, these phrases are not to be thought of as universal rights for all individuals of the time as they are today.
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