The Age Of Enlightenment By John Calvin And Martin Luther Essay

The Age Of Enlightenment By John Calvin And Martin Luther Essay

Length: 1896 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The church’s robust grip on religious expression shattered as medieval society transitioned into a period known as the Reformation. Characterized by the rejection of common ideology, the Reformation sparked religious curiosity. Reformers such as John Calvin and Martin Luther offered interpretations of the Bible in direct opposition to the Catholic Church’s teachings, forcing Europeans to examine and formulate their own beliefs. This style of thinking was foreign to European society because up to this point in history Europeans were passive absorbers of Catholic Church ideology. Hence, it was natural that an era considered the Age of Enlightenment followed the period of rejection and questioning known as the Reformation. The Age of Enlightenment did not merely confine itself to religious expression, but spread throughout natural and social science. Thus, the Age of Enlightenment marked the beginning of academic and religious philosophy and allowed great minds to think free from restriction and condemnation of established institution. As the perception of natural science and religious expression shifted the problem of evil and suffering remained. Therefore, the enlightenment led writers and thinkers during its time to articulate their own interpretations of this complex social problem. Voltaire, a symbolic writer during the enlightenment, criticized his contemporary’s view of divine providence in the satiric story of Candide. In contrast, the late enlightenment writer Equiano uses his story as a mechanism to spark an abolition movement and as an example of God’s providence. Thus, the enlightenment provided an outlet for Voltaire and Equiano’s contrary view concerning the problem of moral and natural evil.
Before considering the ...

... middle of paper ...

... was betrothed to the ruling prince of Massa-Carrara. However, misery engulfed her life. Her fiancé was murdered forcing her to leave the country where she was sold into slave. Along the way she was raped by multiple men and witnessed the gruesome death of her mother. It is no coincidence Voltaire chooses to include the story of the old woman in Candide. As the daughter of Pope Urban X the old woman grew up in the moral teachings of the church. Voltaire mentions her purity as evidence, “The flower I had reserved for the handsome prince of Massa-Carrara was plucked by the pirate captain.” Thus, it was not acts of immoral promiscuity that caused to her to be raped by the captain. The old women just happened to be the victim of the circumstance. Hence, Voltaire attacks the “All is well” philosophy by showing it is not a comprehensive explanation of evil and suffering.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Enlightenment Era Essay

- Philosophes of The Enlightenment Era created religious freedom in America. By creating this religious freedom they influenced the founding fathers that establish America. So church is separate from state and people have freedom it practice desired religions. Also this allows others from other countries to move here and practice their religion without fear of being harassed. In the late fifteen and early sixteenth-centuries “religious conflicts began to tear Europe apart”. This was from the Catholic Church and the Pope accumulating numerous amounts of power and wealth....   [tags: Protestant Reformation, Christianity]

Strong Essays
1019 words (2.9 pages)

Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli And John Calvin Essay

- In the 15th and 16th century, there had been three shining starts in the history of Christian Protestant Reformation. They are Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin. All of them made outstanding contributions to the Reformation. Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer who was the catalyst of the 16th-century Protestant Reformation. He was born in Germany. He went Latin school and then to the University of Erfurt to study law when he was only 13 years old. Martin earned both his baccalaureate and master 's degrees there....   [tags: Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther]

Strong Essays
1511 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about The Work Done By Men Like Martin Luther And John Calvin

- The Reformation is typically characterized by the groundbreaking work done by men like Martin Luther and John Calvin, yet many people forget the lesser-known individuals who made enormous contributions. Peter Matheson, a Reformation teacher and researcher of thirty years, uncovered what historians for centuries have missed in the life of Argula von Grumbach. Argula was at the forefront of the Reformation controversy, and her eight pamphlets were circulated all over Germany thanks to the explosion of the printing press....   [tags: Martin Luther, Protestant Reformation]

Strong Essays
954 words (2.7 pages)

Martin Luther And John Calvin Essay

- During the 16th century¸ many groups of faith had distance themselves from the Roman Catholic Church; some of the earliest Protestant Reformers were Martin Luther and John Calvin. Though they may have not been the cause of the split, they went a long way to assure that the split did happen. The reasons for such effort had a lot to do with the profound amount of sin in the church and particularly among the papacy. Martin Luther addressed what he considered to be most if not all the issues in his disputation- Ninety-Five Theses....   [tags: Christianity, Protestant Reformation]

Strong Essays
1132 words (3.2 pages)

Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation Essay

- Martin Luther almost single handedly lead the Protestant Reformation with his 95 Theses. A strict father who most likely did not accept “no” as an answer raised Martin Luther. Martin Luther turned out to follow in his footsteps in his fervor to change how a church teaches and practices Christianity. While the pope and the Catholic Church shunned Luther he took that time to create something that would be the foundation for the founding fathers and the empire that the United States would become....   [tags: Martin Luther]

Strong Essays
1287 words (3.7 pages)

Martin Luther 's A Catholic Monk Essay

- Martin Luther 's, a Catholic monk, problem with the Latin Church is he believed they weren’t true Christians and were doing things unbiblical. Luther believed getting into Heaven was that the only way to get into Heaven was through to have faith and love in God. He also believed a process the Catholica would use called purchasing indulgences. Indulgences was paying a fee to get yourself or a loved one out of purgatory and into heaven but it really was basically a fundraiser. Luther believed it took money from the poor who needed it needlessly....   [tags: Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther]

Strong Essays
1012 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Martin Luther 's Reform Movement

- It was a fact that Martin Luther’s reform movements calling for religious and social reform gain many followers, but one thing he failed to realize, was the important impact his reformation would cause for the future of Christendom. Although Luther started the Reformation, he did not intend to split the church or create dissent, he really just wanted to correct a few things that he thought were wrong. However, little did Luther know, he would become the needed trigger that would ignite the Protestant Reformation that many Christens held within them....   [tags: Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther]

Strong Essays
961 words (2.7 pages)

Martin Luther 's Strict Upbringing Essay

- Martin Luther’s strict upbringing provoked his view of God as being a harsh judge and impelled him to depart from law school in Erfurt to become a monk. Luther was born on November 10, 1483 in Eisleben, Germany where his father Hans started out as a farmer and eventually reached moderate wealth by owning copper mines. Hans would have never been able to attain these copper mines without marrying Margarete (Lindeman) Ziegler who came from a fairly prosperous family. From an early age Luther was destined to become a lawyer and his parents were committed to see their son succeed in life....   [tags: Martin Luther, Protestant Reformation]

Strong Essays
1046 words (3 pages)

Comparing Martin Luther and Jean Calvin Essay

- The Reformation provoked changes in religion from the Christian church in the early 18th century. Martin Brecht defines the Reformation as the world-historical event which was “triggered and substantially shaped by the monk and professor Martin Luther. His religious struggle over a gracious God, his existence between God and the Devil, led to a schism within Western Christendom and to the emergence of Protestant churches” (Brecht). Martin Luther and Jean Calvin were the leaders of the Protestant Reformation....   [tags: Compare, Contrast, Comparison]

Strong Essays
1850 words (5.3 pages)

Comparing Martin Luther and John Calvin Essay

- Comparing Martin Luther and John Calvin Martin Luther King and John Calvin were both very important leaders of the Protestant Reformation. Although they were both against the Roman Catholic Church, they brought about very different ideas in religion. Martin Luther founded the group that are today known as Lutherans. He was ordained a priest in 1507. He dealt with questions dealing with the structure of the church and with its moral values. These questions were important in Luther's eyes, but the most important was how to find favor with God....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
583 words (1.7 pages)