The issue of drug testing in the workplace has sparked an ongoing debate among management. There are many who feel that it is essential to prevent risks to the greater public caused by substance abuse while on the job. However, others believe that the costs far outweigh the benefits and that it is an invasion of privacy. Putting all ethical issues aside, evidence presented in this paper supports the latter. The costs of drug testing are excessive and only a small percentage of employees are actually found to be substance users. Drug testing in the work place has a negative effect on productivity; contrary to what was originally intended. It actually decreases productivity instead of improving it. Drug testing causes a feeling of distrust and drug testing should not be a part of a healthy work environment.
In today's workplace, drug testing has become a controversial matter. Every employer, regardless of industry or profession, must decide which way to position themselves and their company. There are many who feel that drug testing in the workplace is an invasion of privacy. On the other side, however, are those who believe that in today's workplace drug testing may not be popular, but it is vital to a successful business. These individuals point out that in positions where public and personal safety is concerned; the safety of the public supersedes any other issue. This holds true in the case of air line pilots, bus drivers and health care professionals, to name a few. The end result employee drug testing includes a safer working environment, increased productivity, and better product integrity so that the business (or organization) may see greater financial profits and also improve its image. ...
... middle of paper ...
...thers Report, Utica, New York: Cornell University. January 1992.
French, Michael T., M. Christopher Roebuck, and Pierre Kebreau Alexandre, "Illicit Drug Use, Employment, and Labor Force Participation." Southern Economic Journal. Southern Economic Association: Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, 2001.
Lewis Maltby, Vice President, Drexelbrook Controls, Horsham, PA, "Report of the Maine Commission to Examine Chemical Testing of Employees." December 31, 1986.
Shepard, Edward M., and Thomas J. Clifton. "Drug Testing and Labor Productivity: Estimates Applying a Production Function Model, Institute of Industrial Relations." Research Paper No. 18, Le Moyne University, Syracuse, NY.
"Drug Policy." The American Civil Liberties Union. 30 Sept. 1999. 3 Nov. 2005 .
"Drug Testing News." Whats New in Drug Testing. 27 Oct. 2005. Associated Press. 3 Nov. 2005 .
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Annually in America, billions of taxpayer dollars are spent to pay for the unnecessary expenses caused by drug-impaired employees. Workers whose performances are negatively altered by drug use contribute to losses in business productivity and assist in lowering workplace safety. On average, according to the Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA), $100 billion is lost per year due to accidents, decreases in productivity, and other related expenses caused by incompetent, drug abusing employees (“Coalitions”).... [tags: Essays on Drug Testing]
1649 words (4.7 pages)
- Is it appropriate for employers to test staff for drugs or alcohol. How reliable are these results. Why should some one invade your privacy. Do drug testing determine your skills level for a job. What do drug testing in the work force prove. The arguments against drug testing are it is excessively invasive, may damage relations between employers and employees, and could hamper the recruitment and retention of good staff. In 1986 the Regan administration recommended a drug-testing program for employers.... [tags: legal issues, drug testing]
954 words (2.7 pages)
- Drugs and work do not belong in the same place/mix. Would you appreciate it if your banker was on drugs and deposited your money in the wrong account. You would probably complain to the manger and want to switch banks. In today 's workforce many jobs are held by drug abusers. Drug testing can illuminate drug abusers in the workplace. Testing in the workplace has become a controversial issue in today 's world. Most drug testing done is complex and has many procedures. Using drugs is against the law and drugs can cause harm to people who take them.... [tags: Employment, Drug addiction, Drug test, Drug abuse]
2209 words (6.3 pages)
- High schools in various school districts have conducted research to try and prove that mandatory drug testing can prevent drug use among student athletes. Mandatory drug testing already occurs at the college and professional level in almost all sports. Drug testing is required at the higher levels because steroids and other drugs are often used to gain a competitive advantage (Bouchard and Sprague 1). To ensure that students remain drug free and improve their performance not only in their sport, but also in the classroom, it is necessary for authorities to perform a mandatory drug test throughout each high school (Issit and Newton 1).... [tags: Essays on Drug Testing]
1418 words (4.1 pages)
- From workplace to school, from professional sports to the armed forces, the advent of drug-testing procedures has stirred debate and controversy. The issue of drug testing in athletics seems to be the most prevalent debate. An incident that really brought drug testing into the spotlight is the track and field event in the 1988 Summer World Olympic Games. The two competitors in the limelight were Carl Lewis and Ben Johnson, both excellent and very emulating runners who have beaten each other in past competitions.... [tags: Essays on Drug Testing]
1249 words (3.6 pages)
- Drug testing in the United States began with the explosive use of illegal drugs, in order to curb drug abuse. This began during the Vietnam War with drug use at a climax. In general, Drug testing is a way to detect illegal drug use and deter it, usually by Urinalysis. Drug testing in the United States violates a citizen's right to unreasonable search and seizure's along with jeopardizing one's freedom. Furthermore, Drug testing is not only an unreliable invasion of a person's privacy but it assumes that one is guilty before submitting to the test.... [tags: Essays on Drug Testing]
2453 words (7 pages)
- In an effort to make drug testing for employees of the federal government more accurate, to deter false positives and false negatives it has been suggested to use alternative methods of testing. The Associated Press reported a movement by the federal government to "overhaul its employee drug testing program". (TAP, pg 1) Currently, the government tests its employees during the pre-employment selection and when accidents occur on the job. Both instances use urine testing and this particular test in not 99.99% guaranteed to show true results; when the drug was consumed or how much is currently in the employees system.... [tags: Pre-Employment Drug Testing]
1438 words (4.1 pages)
- The ethics of drug testing has become an increased concern for many companies in the recent years. More companies are beginning to use it and more people are starting more to have problems with it. The tests are now more than ever seen as a way to stop the problems of drug abuse in the workplace. This brings up a very large question. Is drug testing an ethical way to decide employee drug use. It is also very hard to decide if the test is an invasion of employee privacy. “The ethical status of workplace drug testing can be expressed as a question of competing interests, between the employer’s right to use testing to reduce drug related harms and maximize profits, over against the employee’s r... [tags: Drug Testing Essays]
1164 words (3.3 pages)
- Drug testing is a laboratory procedure that looks for evidence of drug consumption by analyzing urine, blood, and hair samples. If tested, you must provide a sample in front of an observer to make sure that it is not tampered with. Samples are then sent to a laboratory for analysis, after which the employer is notified of the results (Wodell 1). Exactly who should be subject to the new trend of mandatory drug tests, is the big question being raised among businesses, schools, athletes and federal government employees.... [tags: Essays on Drug Testing]
2736 words (7.8 pages)
- How far is it permitted for the companies to keep an eye on the workers against drug usage. This could be the very first thing to pop up in the heads of anybody but recently according to surveys, there are 80% of constructing and manufacturing companies that emphasis on this issue often. Employees in most states can sue for excessive intrusion into their private affairs. Employers be it credit unions, must balance employees' privacy rights with continuous efforts to establish a safe, productive, and efficient workplace.... [tags: Pre-Employment Drug Testing]
529 words (1.5 pages)