The word “baalim” is one which is difficult to translate without some loss of its full meaning. Though the word “cool,” the word’s closest translation, is not at all foreign to Westerners, it is important to note that its meaning within the African musical and societal context is. Abdulai himself, in explaining the concept to Chernoff, reminded him that “Baalim is not ‘cool’ in the way that water or the weather is cool.” (Chernoff 106) Instead, it represents a certain control, a coolness in temperament as opposed to temperature, which, “having the value of composure in the individual context,” has that of “social stability in the context of the group.” (Thompson 2) As any explanation I can muster might not capture the full essence of the term, I thin...
... middle of paper ...
...ricans detach themselves from their individual roles in their daily lives to contribute to and work towards the common good of all in their social circles and society.
The aesthetic and cultural principle of cool, baalim, is one which not only differentiates African artistic expression from that of the West, but is also one which differentiates African and Western cultural values on a greater scale. While a Western musician might play from their heart, and their audience seek to internalize the values they embody in doing so, an African musician, through a display of coolness and poise, would create a space which fosters the audience participation and enjoyment of all which reflect the values of his culture. In either case, under ideal circumstances, both audience and performer should leave the performance satisfied fully in the role they played in its taking place.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Southern Musical Tradition and the African Tradition The second major tributary of the southern musical tradition comes from the African continent and is the heritage import of the five million slaves brought to North America against their will to provide the bulk of the labor in the pre-industrial agrarian south. Contemporary blues, while not exclusively black music by any means, remains largely black in terms of its leading performers and, to a lesser extent, its listening audience.... [tags: Music Musical South Essays]
3590 words (10.3 pages)
- The Africana experience refers to the difficulties African American people have encountered throughout history. Racism is displayed through stereotypes, representational systems, music, politics, and several other ways, all shaping African American people. Racism began to rise in the early 1900’s and continues to affect African Americans in society today. Through popular music and popular entertainment, African Americans have continuously been misrepresented and segregated against in America. Although there are many changes in the way African Americans are represented, racism may still be present.... [tags: African American, Black people, Jazz, Blues]
1153 words (3.3 pages)
- In the face of oppression and hardship, creative outlets emerge as a source of community and support. In South Africa, under the harsh living conditions for blacks brought about by the rapid industrialization of the mineral revolution, a new style of music developed as a solace for beleaguered workers. It transcended their many monetary and racial differences, successfully uniting people whose only commonality was their shared subjugation. The unique blend of traditional African rhythm, combined with influence from the blossoming American Jazz movement resulted in a unique neo-African song style called Marabi.... [tags: Oppression, Hardship, African Rhythm]
1229 words (3.5 pages)
- Musical TheatreThe Process of Putting Together, and Being in a Musical Research: Music Song Writing There are many different ways for writing a song. Often this varies depending on the type of song the writer is composing. Sometimes the lyrics will be written first then a vocal melody written to accompany the lyrics. Often the chorus will be written before the verses so the general mood of the song can be established and repeated through the chorus. Instrumentalists Usually the orchestral part of a song is not written with the first copy of a musical (Book) it is most often written when the musical has been chosen by a producer and the type of orchestra has been decided.... [tags: Musical Theatre]
1482 words (4.2 pages)
- Jazz Jazz is a musical genre born in the second half of the nineteenth century in the United States, which expanded globally over the twentieth century. The genre developed in embryo from the traditions of West Africa, Europe and North America found their pot in the African American community living in the southern United States. In the words of folklorist and ethnomusicologist Alan Lomax, jazz is a musical gumbo, a result of the melting pot, the melting pot that was the southern country. Geographically, jazz emerged in the state of Louisiana, specifically in the area of influence of New Orleans (home of jazz musical style and main center during the early days of jazz), where large shipmen... [tags: African American, Jazz, Southern United States]
1266 words (3.6 pages)
- In the text book America’s Musical Landscape by Jean Ferris, the book takes us through the history of the evolution of American music. The book delves into the different time periods of America’s music beginning with early North American music all the way to today’s modern music. Additionally, the book also explains how music, theater and film intertwine to provide some spectacular art. Jean Ferris finishes the book by exploring America’s concert music. Let us now take a closer look into the different time periods brought out in the book.... [tags: America’s Musical Landscape, Jean Ferris, ]
650 words (1.9 pages)
- One of America’s musical styles has become one of the major music genres worldwide and it is jazz music. The genre was developed around the late 1800s to the early 1900s, and originated from African Americans in New Orleans and Louisiana (Issitt 1). Within Jazz there are many different categories such as Dixieland, swing, cool jazz, hard bop, jazz-rock, fusion, and many more (Philipp 3). In addition, “Jazz as a whole is frequently regarded as one of the United States’ greatest cultural achievements” (Issitt 2).... [tags: Jazz, African American, Black people, Blues]
1280 words (3.7 pages)
- Rent. To most people it is associated with an apartment, house, or another object. This word rarely conjures pleasant memories, but more often annoyance and stress. However, when someone mentions rent to me, my mind races to some of the most memorable experiences in my life. When I hear the word Rent, I immediately see an eclectic Broadway production, overflowing with talent, adventure, and magic. I picture scantly clad actresses, strutting across the stage. I envision stunning duets and thought-provoking lyrics.... [tags: Rent Musicals Descriptive narrative Essays]
869 words (2.5 pages)
- RENT the Musical There's a scene in the new musical "RENT" that may be the quintessential romantic moment of the '90s. Roger, a struggling rock musician, and Mimi, a junkie who's a dancer at an S/M club, are having a lovers' quarrel when their beepers go off and each takes out a bottle of pills. It's the signal for an "AZT break," and suddenly they realize that they're both HIV-positive. Clinch. Love duet. If you don't think this is romantic, consider that Jonathan Larson's sensational musical is inspired by Puccini's opera "La Boheme," in which the lovers Mimi and Rodolfo are tragically separated by her death from tuberculosis.... [tags: Rent Musicals Movies Broadway Plays Essays]
1703 words (4.9 pages)
- Traditional African Music An attempt to pin down a single meaning for the word 'traditional,' presents a problem in many ways. The implications of the word are many, and are tied to various connotations. Some people, Westerners in particular, may actually shun the 'traditional,' as they feel that it implies a resistance to modernity. This view is incorrect, and there exists an ethnocentric double standard when Westerners consider their tradition versus African tradition. Others focus on 'tradition' as that which has always been done, for whatever reason, and that it must be continued to maintain the community, a universal balance, a relationship with the gods, or some other goal.... [tags: Musical Traditions Essays Papers]
1592 words (4.5 pages)