African Colonialism Essay

African Colonialism Essay

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There is an ongoing debate between many scholars on how contemporary political and economic failures in the continent of Africa can be traced back to the advent of colonialism. There is a great deal of evidence that illustrates the impact that colonialism and an imperialistic intervention has had a negative impact on the development of present history of Africa. This essay will attempt to examine the geographic, political and ethnic impact European colonialism has played on the development of the African, and these contributions have put Africa on its current trajectory.

Initial Europe interest in Africa appeared as humanitarian. Many of the imperial nations appeared interested in acting on behalf of the African states, in issues of slave prohibition and development. The slave trade between the late 14 to the early 19 century was a common practice throughout Africa. The practice of capturing and trading individuals into slavery was not restricted only between the Arabs and Europeans, it many cases African also took part. In many instances, African kingdoms and clans profited more by trading prisoners into slavery. In the long-term, Africa lost major producers of agriculture and people to cultivate its future economy.

The European powers that convened at the 1984 Berlin Conference focused on regulating European colonialism in Africa. Aside from prohibiting slavery, the Europeans were acting to protect the African states from themselves and outside forces intervening on behalf of Africa. However, it was evident the European powers were acting in a realist manner in the acquisition and division of the continent, especially when they recognized how much economic potential was at stake. Instead of pursuing the humanitarian...


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...ever, was to achieve an maintain European domination. In many instances, the civil forces of the colonial did not act for the benefit of the individuals residing in that state. They were created to ensure that the individuals comply with colonial rules and regulations.” It was with this framework that some African leaders follow.



Works Cited

Schraeder, Peter J. (2004). African Politics and Society: A Mosaic in Transformation. Thomas‐
Wadsworth Press. “Part II: Political and Economic Impacts of Colonialism”, Chapter 3
MONCRIEFFE, JOY. "UGANDA’S POLITICAL ECONOMY: A SYNTHESIS OF MAJOR THOUGHT." Overseas Development Institute. Web. .
Schraeder, Peter J. (2004). African Politics and Society: A Mosaic in Transformation. Thomas‐
Wadsworth Press. “Part II: Political and Economic Impacts of Colonialism”, Chapter 3

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