The African Bush Elephant Essay

The African Bush Elephant Essay

Length: 1116 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

African Elephant
The African Bush Elephant, Loxodonta has adapted to suit its harsh environment. They can be found in most of Zimbabwe and Botswana. The rainfall in Botswana mainly occurs in December, January and February which is the wet season. There is 600mm of rain in the north-east of Botswana and 200mm in the drier south-west. (Siyabona Africa, 2014, stated)



Adaptations:

Limbs


Skeleton

An elephant has a large skull to use as a weapon when competing with other elephants over territory or for the female elephants to protect their young from intruder elephants.

Skin and thermoregulation:

Elephant are thicked skin on some areas of the body, this is known as pachyderms. Their skin is up to 1 inch thick in most areas but on some parts of the body such as the legs, the end of the trunk and back the skin is only between 2.5cm to 3 cm thick. The skin is very thin behind the ears, surrounding the eyes, abdomen, chest and shoulders. They have sparse hair which helps to cool the elephant’s temperature. The African bush elephant has deep and fine wrinkles where water is stored to moisten the skin, this is essential where they live in dry conditions. The water in the wrinkles will evaporate cooling the elephant’s body temperature. There are two layers to the skin which is the epidermis and dermis contained within these are the hair follicles and glands.





Located in elephant’s ears are fine blood vessels which are close to the skins surface. The warm blood from the elephant’s body is pumped from it and into the blood vessels. The blood will be cooled down by the external air and then it’s pumped back into the body, this is important for maintaining the elephant internal temperature of 37 degrees where the environmen...


... middle of paper ...


...r chamber. The veins which transports the blood to the atrium from the lower half of the body are paired. (Body Systems, 2014). The deoxygenated blood travels via the vena cava into the right atrium. The right atrium then contracts causing the blood to enter the right ventricle through the tricuspid valve. The right ventricle contracts causing the blood to pass through the pulmonary artery and then into the capillaries or blood vessels in the lungs. In the lungs the carbon dioxide is then discharged by the red blood cells. The oxygenated blood from the lungs will be transported into the left atrium, the blood then gets pushed into the left ventricle through the bicuspid valve. The left ventricle then pumps the oxygenated blood through the aorta and then around the body. This means the elephant has a double circulation system as it travels through the heart twice.



Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Speech : ' Calling Out The Elephant '

- Bush, E.C. & Bush V., L. (2010). Calling out the elephant: An examination of African American male achievement in community colleges. Journal of African-American Males in Education, 1(1), 40-62. Define the problem/research question The research questions are defined as follow: 1. How are African-American males performing at the California community colleges compared to other ethnic and gender sub groups. 2. How do African-American males feel about institutional support at the community college....   [tags: Qualitative research, Quantitative research]

Better Essays
883 words (2.5 pages)

The African Elephants and the Asian Elephants Essay

- Have you ever visited a zoo when you were a child. Did you see any large land mammals called elephants. I believe most of you already know the physical appearance of a creature called elephant. However, do you know that elephants are classified into two different types, which are the African and the Asian types. Although the African and the Asian elephants come from the same family taxonomy, each of them shares some differences, such as, the physical characteristics, the living conditions, and the distribution areas....   [tags: characteristics, conditions, distribution, areas]

Better Essays
580 words (1.7 pages)

Examining How the African Educational System Was Destroyed Under European Colonialism

- Before the coming of the Europeans to Africa, the African folks had a system created in which to educate their youths. The Africans had an oral tradition of education to pass down their cultural values. Through a series of rites of passage these children were taught the various tribal laws and customs and also an assorted range of skills needed to survive in pre-colonial society. These children were taught through oral literature, consisting of myths and fables, the traditions of their culture....   [tags: african Education, africa]

Better Essays
1299 words (3.7 pages)

The African Elephant Essay

- What do you think about when you hear the word Africa. How about the word safari. Most people tend to think about elephants or giraffes. In this paper I will tell you many important facts about elephants: how they live, their appearance, and many other interesting facts about them. There are two different kinds of elephants; the African elephant and the Asian elephant (also known as the Indian elephant). The African elephant is the larger of the two. Measuring from the shoulder, African elephants are on average 10.8 feet (females 8.9 feet), and the average length of their trunk is approximately 7-8 feet....   [tags: African Wildlife]

Better Essays
551 words (1.6 pages)

African Elephants and Human-Elephant Interactions: Implications for Conservations by P.C. Lee and M.D. Graham

- The Elephant is something to marvel at there is no animal quite like them. Between its shear size (the largest terrestrial mammal alive today), the familiar emotions they share with humans such as mourning for their dead, or their unique features like their large trunks, tusks, and ears, there is nothing that compares. These are some reasons why this large beautiful animal should not be taken for granted in today’s society. Unfortunately they have been between the illegal poaching for ivory, human elephant conflict regarding land usage, and environmental factors; they have become endangered....   [tags: the ivory trade, elephant population]

Better Essays
881 words (2.5 pages)

An Elephant Crackup By Charles Siebert Drills On The Downfall Of Elephants

- Largely known as the biggest animal on the planet, elephant is always considered human’ friendliest wild friend. We have coexisted from the beginning of time, working, sharing this increasingly overcrowded land. In the crazy and fast pacing world of animals and the endless fight over the places in the food chain , elephant is still supposed to be the calmest because, according to some children’s book, those problems are too small compared to the size of the animal. However, it seems that this theory is only true in the childhood fantasy....   [tags: Elephant, Asian Elephant, War elephant, Al-Fil]

Better Essays
1304 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Shooting an Elephant by Geroge Orwell

- In his early twenties, George Orwell (1946) began a line of work he would later term “an unsuitable profession”: officer of the Indian Imperial Police in Burma, which began his transformation into a writer of primarily political topics. His essay “Shooting an Elephant” describes his feelings of frustration in attempting to perform his duty – shooting a mad elephant discovered to have broken its chain, destroyed property, and killed a man – while avoiding the ridicule of the local population. (Orwell, 1936) The elephant can be seen to represent a number of individuals and groups in the story, held by various chains in their different circumstances....   [tags: Shooting an Elephant Essays]

Better Essays
947 words (2.7 pages)

President George W. Bush Essay

- Enter the 43rd President of the George W. Bush, the son of 41st president George H. Bush. Now this name here will absolutely be looked at in the past regarding his legacy. Other than Barack Obama, this is easily the most notorious talked about president of my generation. It was the election of the year 2000, which was also my first year of voting, that W. as he if affectionately called beat out Al Gore in a controversial presidential election which saw Gore win the popular vote, but Bush win the Electoral College vote after a divisive situation in the state of Florida....   [tags: George W. Bush, President of the United States]

Better Essays
1146 words (3.3 pages)

African Elephant Essay

- African Elephant The common name is the African Elephant, the scientific name is Loxodonta Africana, the phylum is Vertebrata, the class is Mammalia, the order is Proboscidea, and the family is Elephantidae. The Closest Relatives to the African Elephant are: the Asian Elephant, mammoths, primitive proboscidean (mastodons), sea cows, and hyraxes. Scientists believe that the African Elephant evolved from one of its closest relatives, the Sea Cow. The geographical location and range of the African elephant covers all of central and southern Africa....   [tags: essays papers]

Free Essays
1738 words (5 pages)

The Elephant Man Essay

- The Elephant Man John Merrick, a man so pathetic and helpless because of the curse of his extremely disfigured body he carries around with him. Lots of people are born with some deformity or another, but none such as the case of John Merrick, in other words, ‘The Elephant Man’ who was given this name because he was so deformed he resembled an extremely ugly elephant. The movie shows how John Merrick is marginalized not only by the general public, but also the poorest of people to such an extent that his life was a misery....   [tags: Elephant Man Essays]

Better Essays
1393 words (4 pages)