“Today as we experience the early part of the 21st century, the church remains at the center of community life, attending to the social, spiritual, and psychological needs of scores of African Americans. No other institution has claimed the loyalty and attention of African Americans as has the church” (Lee, 2006, p. 114). An overwhelming majority of African Americans rely solely on their faith and trust in a higher being in times of difficulty and crisis regardless of the nature or extent of the situation. “In traditional African societies, religion/spirituality permeated human existence. An individual’s entire life was spiritual phenomenon. Spirituality was an integral part of a unity principle in which humans, animals, plants, and natural phenomena were interrelated in a natural order with God being the driving force” (Lee, 2006, p. 58). While there is nothing that makes this belief or set of beliefs completely wrong, such practice limits their resources and excludes all other avenues of assistance. Group counseling is one of th...
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...ling Group for African-American Females. Professional School Counseling, 3(4), 264-269.
Muller, L. E. (2002, September). Group Counseling for African American Males: When All You Have Are European American Counselors. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 27(3), 299-313.
Souls of Black Men: African American Men Discuss Mental Health. (2003, July 21). Community Voices. Retrieved from http://communityvoices.org/Uploads/Souls_of_Black_Men_00108_00037.pdf
Steward, R. J. (1993, September/October). Black Women and White Women in Groups: Suggestions for MInority-Sensitive Group Services on University Campuses. Journal of Counseling and Development, 72(), 39-41.
Want, V., Parham, T. A., Baker, R. C., & Sherman, M. (2004). African American Students’ Ratings of Caucasian and African American Counselors Varying in Racial Consciousness. : Educational Publishing Foundation.
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