African Americans During World War II Essays

African Americans During World War II Essays

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In between the period between the end of slavery and the start of World War II, African Americans were treated very poorly. In response, African Americans established viewpoints and formed activist groups to combat segregation and discrimination. These ideas included those of Booker T. Washington about black capitalism and accommodation, black state building/Pan Africanism by Marcus Garvey, and W.E.B Dubois’ idea about black liberalism and incorporation. While these ideas were all extremely important and revolutionary, I believe W.E.B Dubois’ ideas made the most sense for African Americans prior to World War II in regard to African American equality and progressiveness.

African Americans were not treated the same as whites prior to World War II, and were also victims of unjustified violence. Jim Crow laws mandated separate but equal facilities for blacks and whites, which included restaurants, schools, bathrooms, and other social aspects of life. African American facilities were usually worn down and not up to standards of white facilities. African Americans could not vote, and did not have high paying jobs. In addition, Africans Americans were also subject to extreme violence. One example of violence against African Americans was the Rosewood massacre in 1923. In Rosewood Florida a woman named Fanny Taylor was allegedly raped by an African American man named Jesse Hunter, with help by Aaron Carrier and Sam Carter. Without evidence, violence ensued. Carter was lynched, and his wife was shot at their house while harboring Hunter. Carrier defended the house and killed two white men, but later he was forced to literally dig his own grave and was shot. A mob of men the wrecked the entire town, with six black deaths and two white de...


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...conomic, and political issues at hand makes his ideology the best for African Americans to fight for prior to World War II.

Garvey, Washington and Dubois had strong visions for African Americans prior to World War II. Although their views were very different, they all had ideas on how to empower African Americans and end segregation. I believe that Dubois’ ideology was the smartest move for African Americans. By pushing for equality and trying to integrate African Americans into American society was exactly what they needed. If it wasn’t for Dubois and the masses that followed him, African Americans could have had a different fate in American history. If the majority of African Americans pushed for Washington or Garvey’s ideas, African American assimilation may not have happened as soon, and may have resulted in African Americans completely separated from America.

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