African Americans also participated actively in the military during the Civil War. After Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, African Americans were officially allowed to enlist in the army. Most of the slaves remained in the south while tens of thousands abandoned southern plantations to join the Union (Doc A). About ten percent of the total Union enlistments on both land and sea were consisted of blacks. African Americans joined and fought willingly (Doc B) and bravely now that they had a cause to fight for—the removing of slavery. More than thirty-eight thousand died in war for the Union, suffering in the Fort Pillow Massacre and serving in units such as the Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts regiments and other black military units. Due to prejudice and ideas, the Confederacy did not enlist slaves into the army until the war was nearly over; confederate slaves worked on farms while white men joined the army. The novel idea of African Americans engaged in the war, marching and fighting for the Union, changed many whites’ view and treatment of blacks.
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...rstand God’s words (Doc E). They relied on the people who freed them to educate them. Other actions such as Civil Rights Act in 1866 granted blacks the same rights of an American citizen opposed to the Black Codes. Figures such as previously beaten Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens defended slaves and fought for their rights.
The election of President Grant was also deeply connected to the African Americans. Once African Americans were officially citizens and counted as voters instead of three-fifths a person, they held powers in voting and elections. President Grant won the election due to the popular vote of blacks.
The entire of history of America has always been tied with African Americans. These people took part in sparking the Civil War, shaping the development in the process, and the consequences of the war through reconstruction socially and physically.
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