Throughout American history, African Americans have been tantamount to freedom and equality in American education. In recent years, educators and policymakers have become more aware of the problems of African American students in some of the critical areas of academic excellence and engagement, but have barely scratched the surface in explaining the origin of the reasons why the problems persist (Bush & Bush, 2013). Policies have now been created to enable more African American students in becoming comfortable in their learning environment. Additionally, education administrators must take on the challenge of creating a more positive social relationship for African American students at institutions across the country. In the field of education, African American and Latino students have not been successfully progressing academically and have been performing servilely lower than White students (Jencks &Phillips, 1998; Miller, 1995). Luckily, it is possible to reframe the discussion by focusing on African American males in a manner that does more than portray them as “only in relationship to those who have oppressed them which tacitly conveys that their existence and importance are bestowed on them by their oppressors” (Bush & Bush, 2013). African American male theory entices the conversation of Achievement gap. It is within this theoretical perspective that the typical manifestations of African American male disparities are highlighted, dismantled, and fortified with the sole purpose of equality within education. African American Male Theory reframes the discussion of an achievement gap by making explicit its assumption that African American males are “born with an innate desire for self-determination and with ...
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...iatives have been promoted throughout the country to address the substantial challenges educational systems face in regards to attracting, retaining and graduating African American males. An associate professor at the University of Louisville’s Educational and Counseling Psychology Department, states, “People are becoming more and more aware of the need to make specific overtures toward African American men ” (Cuyjet, 2006). Becoming conscious of the idea that African American males are the most severely underrepresented population in higher education should in fact, and has prompted governmental and community interventions. A variety of initiatives have been set forth across the nation to assist African American males in increasing their morale, motivation, and ultimately educational performance despite their insufficient academic preparation for postsecondary work.
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