African - American Women in the Workplace: The Interwoven Effects of Gender & Race Discrimination

African - American Women in the Workplace: The Interwoven Effects of Gender & Race Discrimination

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I. INTRODUCTION

In 1964, the Civil Rights Act was enacted to do away with much of the conspicuous discrimination that was going on in the American workplace. Despite this, discrimination in the workplace continues albeit in a more covert manner, making it very hard to diagnose and prescribe a solution. The 1964 Civil Rights Act was enacted to remove any form of discrimination against any persons because of their race, religion, sex, or national origin. In 1967, it was made illegal for employers to discriminate because of age and in 1990, Congress said employers could not discriminate because of ones disability. African Americans have suffered from workplace discrimination far more than any other demographic in the workforce; this can be attributed to negative socially constructed stereotypes that are deeply rooted in American ideology.

Women have experienced much progress as a result of these government-enacted regulations; however, the majority of women are continually forced into professions that are typically recognized as female dominated professions. Furthermore, women across the board, no matter what sector of the job market they are in, are paid less than their male counterparts. More often than not, women are passed over for promotions and are not even considered for positions of prestige and power. Pregnant women time and time again are disregarded in the hiring process because of false preconceived notions about their skills and ability to perform in the workplace. Employers are for the most part intolerant and contemptuous of women with responsibilities to their family, ignoring any past or current achievements of the intelligent hard working female they are quick to dismiss. Women in America have come a long way f...


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...experience. Boston: Beacon Press, 1994.

Hughes, Diane, and Mark A. Dodge. "African American Women in the Workplace: Relationships Between Job Conditions, Racial Bias at Work, and Perceived Job Quality." American Journal of Community Psychology 25, no. 5 (1997): 581-599.

Kalev, Alexandra, Erin Kelly, and Frank Dobbin. "Best Practices or Best Guesses? Assessing the Efficacy of Corporate Affirmative Action and Diversity Policies." American Sociological Review 71, no. 4 (2006): 589-617.

McGuire, G. M., and B. F. Reskin. "AUTHORITY HIERARCHIES AT WORK: The Impacts Of Race And Sex." Gender & Society 7, no. 4 (1993): 487-506.

Strober, Myra H.. "Rethinking Economics Through a Feminist Lens." The American Economic Review 84, no. 2 (1994): 143-147.

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