The series of African – American Civil Rights movements, which stretched from 1955 to 1968, aimed at restoring the rights of the African – American people and liberating them from the social and racial discrimination. This movement changed the social and political structure of the United States. The main catch was that the movement accomplished successful results following the ‘nonviolent resistance’, establishing the fact that the Christian religion believed in peace and equality.
Birth of the Civil Rights Movements:
United States, since its foundation has endured racial inequality. The government and other major institutions were administrated by the ‘whites’ and the ‘black’ Americans lacked behind in every aspect of life.
The reconstruction period, that started after the defeat of the Confederate States of America, lasted for twelve years starting from 1865 to 1877.The elections of 1876 brought an end to this era in which the whites of the Democratic party gained political control in the south while the Republican Party, which mainly constituted of the Blacks, lost terribly because blacks were not allowed to register their votes. By the early 20th centaury, majority of the elected officials in the south were Democrats, the white domination caused increase in the violence on African Americans and they were detained from their rights of education, employment and religion.
The consequence was the emergence of the ‘Jim Crow’ system which suppressed and violated the racial and social rights of the African Americans. The conditions in the North and West were comparatively better so most of the African people seek refuge in migration.
Previously, the Civil rights movement of 1955 – 1968, with the help of organizat...
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...handas Gandhi and perhaps it was the result of such remarkable teachings that the movement managed to attain triumphant results and turned around the life of the people of America.
Goldberg, David and Griffey, Trevor. ‘Black Power at Work: Community Control, Affirmative Action and the Construction Industry’. 2010, Cornell University Press
Hartford, Bruce Hartford. "Arrests in Jackson MS". The Civil Rights Movement Veterans website. Westwind Writers Inc.. Retrieved 28 March, 2011
Klarman, Michael J.,Brown v. Board of Education and the civil rights movement [electronic resource] : abridged edition of From Jim Crow to civil rights : the Supreme Court and the struggle for racial equality, Oxford ; New York : 2007. Oxford University Press.
C. Vann Woodward, The Strange Career of Jim Crow, 3rd rev. ed. 1974, Oxford University Press.
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