The Affordable Healthcare
An array of challenges that faced the United States healthcare system in the present century attracted a myriad of concern. Attempt by President Bush in 2006 to foster health care reforms did not bear fruits; political factions took sides and were divergently opinionated over the proposed reforms. Since its enactment in 2010, Affordable Health Care Act (ACA) enables individuals and families of diverse class and occupations to be in control of their own health care. Despite its challenges, ACA has been effective in reducing health care premium costs for the millions of Americans
Background to the U.S. Healthcare System
Notwithstanding the approach to have the US healthcare system under a central management over three decades ago, the healthcare system was reported to face new challenges ranging from increased complex care processes, reduced workforce and rising costs (Frauenholtz, 2014). Other challenges ranged from increasing healthcare demands and rising cases of chronic illnesses; rising levels of professional complexities as many physicians carried out conflicting medication approaches.
In addition, there was shortage of healthcare staff against the growing national population (Bohmer & Knoop, 2007). As a result, the US has had an alarming need to address the increasing challenges in healthcare system. In 2004, the US government’s spending on healthcare alone was $1.9 trillion, and an estimated 34% of the entire population sought medical services in hospitals, while at the same time, drug prescriptions was recorded at 10% of the medical services offered. According to Bohmer & Knoop (2007) this was reported to have doubled the spending a decade earlier (Bohmer & Knoop, 2007).
Surveys conducted in med...
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... citizenship status. Comparatively, the citizens were apparently spending higher that the noncitizens. Nonetheless, there has been a general reduction in health spending across many Americans for both the citizens and noncitizens (Bustamante & Chen, 2014). The introduction of the ACA came at a time when the number of the uninsured Americans was approximately 50 million (Geyman, 2015). Specifically, among the long term goals of the Act was to extend insurance coverage to a projected 35 million more Americans buy the year 2019 whereby half the number of this targeted population was to be accessed through expansion of the Medicaid (Geyman, 2015). In this sense, the federal government was to set online platforms for health insurance exchanges, an initiative that was also open to the states which opted to participate in the ACA program. The key components of ACA included:
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