The challenges facing the American health care system certainly are not unique; health care systems around the world are buckling the pressures of exploding medical costs increases, aging populations, high unemployment rates, and reliance on expensive high-tech solutions, challenges to implementing policies and rules.
HIV remains a serious public health concern in the United States and the world at large as millions of people become newly infected each year. HIV, is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV attacks the immune system by destroying CD4 positive T cells, a type of white blood cells that is vital to fighting infection. The destruction of these cells leave people infected with HIV vulnerable to other infections, diseases, and other complications (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious diseases, 2015). The affordable care act (ACA) provides new health insurance coverage opportunities to millions of individuals, including those with HIV through ACA’s Medicaid expansion and creation of health insurance market places.
HIV/AIDS stigma is a problem in the United States and throughout the world, and has been expressed in a variety of ways, including ostracism, rejection and avoidance of people living with AIDS, discrimination against people living with AIDS by their families, health care professionals, communities and governments, mandatory HIV testing of individuals without prior informed consent or confidentiality protections, and quarantine of persons who are HIV infected, and violence against persons who are perceived to have AIDS, be infected with HIV or belong to “high risk groups” (Herek, 1999). Stigma reduction training programs and knowledge about HIV prevention, transmission and care can h...
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...l therapy (ART), is essential for addressing the ongoing HIV epidemic in the U.S. Indeed, ART is not only critical for health and longevity of people with HIV, it has been shown to significantly reduce the risk of HIV transmission (Myron et al, 2011).
To improve the efficiency of the overall health care system, the U.S senior health policy makers should integrate holistic concepts of health care along with the medical care model that aims to prevent and promote health, and which could also be needed to improve the health of U.S citizens. Since the delivery of health care in the U.S is driven by the medical model, which focuses on illness rather than wellness (Shi & Sign, 2015), a policy which focuses mainly on the overall health including wellness, mental, social, and physical well-being, and not just on the prevention of disease and illness is essential.
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