Advancements In Biotechnology Essay

Advancements In Biotechnology Essay

Length: 1099 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Introduction:
Recent advances in science and technology has shown a great impact on all areas of the life. One of the most important fields of science and technology is Biotechnology. The advancement in biotechnology brought forward the solutions for many of the problems that human race were facing, including the problem of feeding a large population but at the same time, it poses some new threats and challenges to human beings as well. This short report discusses the merits and demerits of extensive applications of biotechnology, specially the impacts of genetically modified/engineered crops which brought up in market 1990s.

According to Wikipedia, the definition and process of genetically modified crops is summarised as “Genetically modified (GM) foods are foods derived from genetically modified organisms. Genetically modified organisms have had specific changes introduced into their DNA by genetic engineering, using a process of either Cisgenesis or Transgenesis. These techniques are much more precise than mutagenesis (mutation breeding) where an organism is exposed to radiation or chemicals to create a non-specific but stable change. Other techniques by which humans modify food organisms include selective breeding (plant breeding and animal breeding), and somaclonal variation”.

Following is the table of a summary of genetically modified foods that are approved by FDA for human consumption.
Table 1
GM Foods for human consumption evaluated by FDA
_____________________________________________________________________
Modified attribute GM plant product (number of varieties)
_____________________________________________________________________
Insect resistance Corn (8)
Tomato (1)
Potato (4)
Cotton ...


... middle of paper ...


...ng areas (3). In addition to it also affects the local ecosystem of the fertile land, by affecting insect and soil properties etc. As these genetically modified species are disease free, hence have longer lives, which pose a persistent threat to the environment, via cross pollination and by affecting the normal flora of the area (2). One of the examples of such threat was the genetically modified specie of mice, developed by Australian scientist to control the population growth of mice, but it resulted in complete destruction of whole specie. This example perfectly demonstrates the extent of negative effects of this technology (2, 3).

Conclusion
Although genetically modified crops offered a wide range of benefits but it also poses some very serious threats. Hence, the use of this technology should be discouraged and alternative methods should be discovered.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Soundness of Biotechnology Advancements in Agriculture Essay

- The use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture is on the rise. Many scientists debate that genetic engineering in the agriculture field is the best way to answer many issues pertaining to poverty, environmental harm, food security, and the necessity for increasing competition in sales. In the other hand, others raise ethical issues relating to the health of the people who consume these genetically modified food, the potential damage to the environment as well as the welfare of the farmers and their food security....   [tags: Genetically Modified Organisms, Agriculture]

Strong Essays
2015 words (5.8 pages)

Essay on Advancements in Biotechnology

- In the summer of 1996, biotechnologist reached their forte- after countless years of experiments and planning, Dolly finally came to life. Who’s Dolly. Dolly was a female domestic sheep, and the first mammal to be duplicated from an adult somatic cell, by the process of a nuclear transfer. Accordingly, Dolly had an apparent paucity that neither a person nor thing was able to fill, a ‘soul’. This, believing that it is untrue and impossible to occur, may bewilder several; however, with the enlightenment of what biotechnology is, what its applications are, how it is incorporated everywhere without people even realizing, and the ethics that come with this extremely intricate field: some will be...   [tags: genetics, cloning, ethics ]

Strong Essays
724 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Advancements in Biotechnology

- Discoveries in DNA, cell biology, evolution, and biotechnology have been among the major achievements in biology over the past 200 years with accelerated discoveries and insight’s over the last 50 years. Consider the progress we have made in these areas of human knowledge. Present at least three of the discoveries you find to be the most important and describe their significance to society, heath, and the culture of modern life. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a self-replicating molecule or material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent in chromosomes....   [tags: DNA, biology, genetics]

Strong Essays
712 words (2 pages)

The Invention Of Genetics And Biotechnology Essay

- As the growing world develops, so does the scientific knowledge and the discoveries that occur. However, only until recently in the world’s history has the innovation and advancement of genetics and biotechnology really taken off in an exponential manner. The history of genetics was established in 1866 with Gregor Mendel’s work and “rediscovered” in 1900. Even more recently was the coining of the term biotechnology science as known today in 1919 as well as its continual expansion in the 20th and 21st centuries....   [tags: DNA, Genetics, RNA, Gene expression]

Strong Essays
1024 words (2.9 pages)

Biotechnology and Genetic Testing Essay

- Genetic testing is becoming more and more common as advancements in biotechnology are being made. The term “genetic testing” refers to the use of a test that looks for changes in a person’s genes or structure of certain proteins (National Human Genome Research Institute [NHGRI], 2014). Genes are decoded and each letter of the DNA sequence can be determined. There are many uses for this type of testing, including, but not limited to, diagnosis of rare genetic disorders, risk analysis for hereditary diseases, and determining appropriate treatments for patients....   [tags: dna, rna, patiens, research]

Strong Essays
1450 words (4.1 pages)

Biotechnology in the Rio Grande Valley Essay

- Biotechnology in the Rio Grande Valley When you get right down to it, the Rio Grande Valley is a lot like a cell. Everyone in the valley contributes to its existence, working day and night, keeping everything working. Our unique cultural blending serves as the DNA, and tacos seem to serve as our primary food source. Oh, and not to mention that the vast openness of the King Ranch serves as our cell membrane. The Valley, even though our quiet and simple life may not speak it, is well aware of the science taking place in the world around us, as well as in our own backyard....   [tags: Genetics Biology Essays Papers]

Free Essays
965 words (2.8 pages)

Frankenstein: "Playing God" - Advancements in Biomedical Techology Essay

- The fact that there have been many advancements in biomedical technology over the years have given us the ability to cure and prevent diseases that have once devastated the human population. These breakthroughs have allowed people to live longer and healthier lives, yet others believe that it runs the risk of “playing God” and that such matters should be left into the hands of a higher power. Today, this ethical debate still continues to raise questions on whether these scientific breakthroughs are morally acceptable....   [tags: science, genes, life]

Strong Essays
875 words (2.5 pages)

The Sociological Impact of Nanotechnology and Biotechnology Essays

- I elected to do my term paper on the sociological impact of nanotechnology and biotechnology (commonly called “bionics”) because of the vast potential for advances in medicine, space exploration and technology. These are but a few of the areas which will surely be affected by the development of new and never before imagined processes and engineered materials which have the power to change the way every aspect of one’s life is lived. I will generally focus on the Structural-Functional and Social-Conflict approaches for the majority of the paper, but will touch on some of the aspects as seen by the Symbolic-Interaction approach when considering the implications of the subject on society, as...   [tags: technology, term papers, research papers]

Strong Essays
2224 words (6.4 pages)

Essay on Technology Advancements and Its Effect on Society

- The application of scientific knowledge for the use of practical purposes is commonly defined as technology. During the 1920’s is when the entire craze began about technology, when the invention of the car was discovered. During this time new advancements, discoveries, and inventions improved the lives of many Americans. Technology results in expanding innovative ideas that are built on existing ideas. Different industries are developing new technologies according to the needs and requirements of today’s society....   [tags: scientific knowledge, unemployment]

Strong Essays
1021 words (2.9 pages)

Genetically Modified Organisms and How They Have Changed Food in America

- Modified America Food is an essential part of everyday life without it one could not survive. Every day we make choices on what we put in to our bodies. There are countless varieties of food to choose from to meet the diverse tastes of the increasing population. Almost all food requires a label explaining the ingredients and the nutritional value allowing consumers to make informed decisions on what they are consuming. However, many may not be considering where that food is coming from or how it has been produced....   [tags: Monsanto, biotechnology]

Strong Essays
1669 words (4.8 pages)