Firstly, a detail review of introductory activities, including warmers and lead-ins, was presented. According to Spratt, Pulverness, and Williams (2011), introductory activities, which are carried out in the first stage of the learning of a lesson, help learners feel at ease and focus on the lesson. Warmers are activities used to help students know each other, raise their energy, or make them settle before the lesson starts. Therefore, warmers are not always related to the topic of the lesson. They can be games or quizzes. On the other hand, lead-ins are connected to the topic of the lesson since they need to raise students’ interest into the main theme of the lesson and trigger background knowledge. To do this, lead-ins can involve discussing topic-related questions or pre-teaching key vocabulary. Secondly, stages of a lesson for each skill were discussed, including teaching receptive skills, teaching productive skills, teaching vocabulary, and teaching grammar. In teaching receptive skills, there is a need for teachers to identify three stages: pre- (pre-reading, pre-listening), while- (while-reading, while-listening), and post- (post-reading, post-listening). In the pre- stage, teachers usually need to activate students’ interest and background knowledge of the topic and present key vocabulary. During the while- stage, in order to provide students mo...
... middle of paper ...
...s, word family, roots, or by topics.
Theories about teaching methodology and techniques are just ideas written in books if teachers do not try hard to apply them into their real teaching situation. Furthermore, in my opinion, teaching does not merely involve teaching the knowledge and skills, but it also involves giving students guidelines for effective learning strategies suitable with them and encouraging students to invest their effort and intention in their own learning.
1. Gu, Y. (2002). Learning Strategies for Vocabulary Development. New Zealand: Victoria University of Wellington.
2. Spratt, M. & Pulverness, A. & William, M. (2011). The teaching Knowledge Test Course (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
3. British Council. Retrieved from http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/knowledge-database/passive-vocabulary on January 29th.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Maria Montessori was born in 1870 in the town of Chiaravalle, Italy. Her dream was to become an engineer but luckily for us she ended up being the first woman to graduate from the University of Rome La Sapienza Medical School, becoming the first female doctor in Italy. Montessori became intrigued with trying to educate the “special needs” or “unhappy little ones” [Michael Olaf’s Essential Montessori: School Edition for ages 3-12+] Dr. Maria Montessori was a great child theorist. Dr. Montessori’s first notable success was when she had several of her eight year old students apply to take the State examinations for reading and writing.... [tags: special needs, preschool, early education]
869 words (2.5 pages)
- On the surface, Do It!: Play in Band appears to be a great resource to implement in the beginning band classroom: music of many different styles, time periods, forms, and nationalities is incorporated into the method book, it includes not one but two CDs of accompaniments for students to play along with, and opportunities to improvisation using different methods abound. However, upon digging deeper into the text, one may find that the book is flawed in several critical ways. This text contains both good and bad elements of a beginning band method book, and if an instructor is willing to supplement the book with their own exercises and sequencing, the book could yield positive results for you... [tags: method text review]
1775 words (5.1 pages)
- Introduction It has been well documented that there are three main kinds of conditional sentence. The first one is the verb in the main clause is “will” or “shall” and the verb in the conditional clause is in the simple present tense. Secondly, in the main clause the verb is “should” or “would” and in the conditional clause the verb is in the simple past tense. Last but not the least, the verb in the principle clause is “should have” or “would have” while in the conditional clause is in the past perfect tense (Sinclair, 2011).... [tags: grammar, student learning, teaching method]
1963 words (5.6 pages)
- When most people hear the word Montessori they either do not know what it means or they are skeptical to whether or not the Montessori Method can benefit a child. The Montessori method was created by a woman named Dr. Maria Montessori who made it her life’s work to make a method of teaching that gives every child in every situation whether it be poor, handicapped, or special needs flourish and learn the best that they can academically, spiritually, socially, and personally. Montessori Education is an alternative way to teach students to help them reach their full compactly by focusing on the social skills, academics, and focusing on the sensitive periods in one’s life.... [tags: Education, Special Needs, Academics, Schools]
1460 words (4.2 pages)
- ... Although testing is standardized, output of the materials taught differ among teachers as individuals. Each teacher may teach in his or her own unique style, so no one method will be the same in how the information is presented to the students. Lastly, a teacher requires knowledge of his or her field through specialized study. In order to become a teacher, future educators must be enrolled in education and teaching programs that require these candidates to take classes in their respected fields and undergo extensive training through student teaching and observation.... [tags: Education, Teacher, School, Profession]
989 words (2.8 pages)
- Computer technology is one the most innovative advancements in modern-day education. Technology has made its way into the world of teaching practice and principle by expanding the way we approach instruction in the classroom. We are no longer confined to pencil and paper, but have the ability to project and present knowledge in an enhanced way to capture the minds of a generation of students whose society is built around ever expanding world of computer technology. As facilitators of learning, our classrooms are filled with students who are comprised of generation X’ers and Millenial’s.... [tags: modern-day education, curriculum]
1862 words (5.3 pages)
- Teaching style is about how materials are delivered, rather than what is delivered. Teachings also refer to the process deliver knowledge and skill from the teacher to the students. It include the activities of educating or instructing. Each person has his or her own teaching style, and aware of their preferences when delivering the instruction. It can be defined as: a set of attitudes and actions that open a formal and informal world of learning to the student. It is a subtle force that influences access to learning and teaching by establishing perimeters around acceptable learning procedures, processes and products.... [tags: lecturing, demostrating, educating]
981 words (2.8 pages)
- Effective Teaching of Abstract Algebra Abstract Algebra is one of the important bodies of knowledge that the mathematically educated person should know at least at the introductory level. Indeed, a degree in mathematics always contains a course covering these concepts. Unfortunately, abstract algebra is also seen as an extremely difficult body of knowledge to learn since it is so abstract. Leron and Dubinsky, in their paper ¡§An Abstract Algebra Story¡¨, penned the following two statements, summarizing comments that are often heard from both teacher and student alike.... [tags: Mathematics Education Papers]
2907 words (8.3 pages)
- My Philosophy of Teaching As an undergraduate, I was a teaching assistant for several psychology courses, including introductory psychology, behavioral statistics and research methods. My first teaching experience was as a Teaching Assistant for statistics; I now believe that this is where my individual teaching philosophy began taking shape. As a teaching assistant for behavioral statistics, I was exposed to the student's outlook on the material, in which a lack of enthusiasm for statistics was undoubtedly portrayed.... [tags: Graduate College Admissions Essays]
636 words (1.8 pages)
- Teaching Styles A teacher will use many different styles when teaching a performer. The style of teaching a teacher uses depends on the circumstances, for example, the pupil's age, ability the complexity of the skill to be taught and the surrounding environment e.g. gym, sports field or mountains. More complex skills in dangerous environments (like navigating in the mountains) need a more controlled style of teaching than simple skills in safe environments like throwing a ball in a gym).... [tags: Papers]
551 words (1.6 pages)