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There are many people who oppose the use of human embryonic stem cells in research and the main reasons are because they liken it to abortion and their political affiliation. Human embryonic stem cells are harvested from a four to five day old fertilized egg called a blastocyst. After the stem cells are removed, the blastocyst can no longer develop into an embryo, thus resulting in the destruction of the blastocyst. Because of this, many people feel this is the same as abortion; the destruction of human life. Another opposing view is the political affiliation that people identify with. While the majority of liberals have no problem with human embryonic stem cell research, many conservatives do. Conservatives may feel this way because of their political role or religious preferences. The destruction of human life factor may also play a role in this viewpoint. While human embryonic stem cell research is continuously shrouded in controversy, research involving adult stem cells remains a neutral field. Adult stem cell research is more appealing to the opposition because no embryos are utilized and thus is not involved in the destruction of human life.
In contrast, there are many people who are intrigued and support the growing field of stem cell research.
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"Adult and Embryonic Stem Cells Hold Great Promise in Medicine." 123HelpMe.com. 23 Jan 2019
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Those in support of human embryonic stem cell research generally understand that the embryos utilized in this research are procured from In Vitro Fertilization clinics. These are embryos that have been slotted for disposal for one reason or another and are to be destroyed unless a research lab picks them up. Regardless if the embryo is for research or not, it would end up being destroyed. Gathering specimens in this manner is the only legal way to conduct research on human embryonic stem cells. Human embryonic stem cells can only be obtained from the clump of cells that forms inside the hollow of a blastocyst. After an egg is fertilized, it begins to divide rapidly, and at days four through five it is a blastocyst. This type of stem cell cannot be harvested from an abortion because by that time, all of those cells have differentiated and are no longer pluripotent.
Supporters of stem cell research believe that the benefits far outweigh the cons. The advances in medicine that would be available could change millions of lives. Think about how common bone marrow transplants are now, they weren’t always so readily available. Mesenchymal stem cells are derived from bone marrow, so that means that recipients of bone marrow transplants are actually receiving a fresh batch of adult stem cells to rebuild their immune system.