Surveys indicate that between 45% and 80% of lesbians and between 40% and 60% of gay men are currently in a steady relationship, and many have long-term cohabiting relationships (National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, 2003). Census data show that 33% of lesbian and female bisexual couples and 22% of gay and male bisexual couples are raising children. Most laws about adoption by homosexual parents are ambiguous, and in many cases homosexual people must adopt as individuals rather than as couples (Galst & Hilty, 2003; S. Ryan et al., 2004). In 1998 New Jersey became the first state to allow partners in gay and lesbian couples to jointly adopt children, and California, Colorado, Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Illinois, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, and Vermont have since established laws to permit such adoptions. Nine states – Arkansas, Florida, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, Nebraska, Ohio, Utah, and Wisconsin – have various laws banning adoption by homosexual individuals and/or couples (National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, 2011).
Some people have questioned the ability of homo...
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...p backs gay parents. Contemporary Sexuality, 36, 10.
Galst, L., & Hilty, J. (2003). Lesbians with strollers: The gaybie boom on wheels. Ms., Spring, 17-18.
Johnson, D., & Piore, A. (2004). Home in two worlds. Newsweek, October 18, 53-54.
National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (2003, April 23). National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Slams Santorum’s Bigoted Language. Retrieved March 15, 2011, from http://thetaskforce.org/press/releases/pr534_042303.
National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (2011). Adoption laws in the U.S. Retrieved from http://www.theTaskForce.org.
Ryan S., Perlmutter, S., & Groza, V. (2004). Coming out of the closet: Opening agencies to gay and lesbian adoptive parents. Social Work, 49, 85-95.
Sherman, S. (2002). If our son is happy, what else matters? Newsweek, September 16, 12.
Virtel, L. (2007). Making babies. Advocate, August 28, 36-38.
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