Essay PreviewMore ↓
Adolescent marks the transition from childhood to adulthood, which is filled with a period of opportunities, challenges, changes, skills, pressures, and physical, cognitive and psychosocial development. They are faced with peer pressure, physiological and emotional changes, sexual experimentation that increases the risk of pregnancy or sexually transmitted disease. Adolescence pregnancy is common and many of them choose to keep their babies, which are reflected in the increased number of birth rates in Hispanic population.
This paper will discuss the importance of health promotion, considering the cultural, socioeconomically and identify barriers to the well being of the adolescence as well as the fetus.
Teen Pregnancy in the Adolescent Hispanic Population.
There are an increased number of births in Hispanic adolescence between the ages 15-19, from 82.3 (per 1000 females) in 2003 to 82.6 (per 1000 females) in 2004 (Melby, 2006). Adolescence pregnancy could be an anxious, overwhelming and a stressful moment. The lack of information on prenatal education will put adolescence into higher risks pregnancy and may even jeopardize their health as well as the baby’s. Adolescence often hesitates or do not inform their parents of their pregnancy. Many of them do not receive medical care as early as they should, as a result is an increase of complications during pregnancy and delivery (Byers, 2000). Furthermore, alcohol consumption, smoking, or substance abuse, result in low birth weights babies.
Health professionals are in a unique position to assist adolescence in achieving and maintaining optimal levels of health, as well as to identify the risk factors and therefore reducing the unnecessary complications. Emphasizing the importance of prenatal care as well as access to confidential care are definitely a challenge which health care professional will face, in order to increase motivation among teens.The Healthy People 2010 objective is to emphasize in pregnancy planning, reducing the proportion of birth occurring within 24 months of a previous birth, as well as to avoid unintended pregnancy (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [DHHS], 2000).
Adolescence is a phase between childhood and adulthood, where it is characterized by a time of maturation in physical, cognitive, social, and emotional sectors. They develop an invincibility fable, which is the idea that one invincible is never defeated and protected from harm (Berger, 2008). This feelings or ideas strive adolescent to high risk taking behavior, such as unprotected sex. Peer pressure can be a very strong and persuasive force for sexual relations during adolescence, as many adolescents engage in unprotected sex, as well as unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, consuming alcohol and other drugs.
How to Cite this Page
"Adolescent Pregnancy." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Aug 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Juno is a film that depicts adolescent pregnancy and the uncertainty and emotional rollercoaster that most pregnant teenagers go through. The protagonist is a 16 year old girl named Juno who becomes impregnated by her friend Pauly. Unprepared for this surprise, she first considers getting an abortion at a local clinic. At the clinic, Juno is ostracized by the staff's attitudes. They called her sexually active which minimized her emotional state. As a result, she no longer wanted to get an abortion and instead decides to give the baby up for adoption.... [tags: abortion, adoption, love, heart, parents]
641 words (1.8 pages)
- ... Though the rates of adolescent pregnancy among teenagers differ by race in America, the negative outcomes of the mother do not. Adolescent mothers in America are at risk of physical complications during pregnancy but face even more adverse outcome after bearing a child. Some physical complications that adolescent mothers are at greater risk for include “premature labor, anemia […] and preeclampsia” (Kirven, 2014) to name a few. The physical complications during pregnancy can increase the chances of the mother and child experiencing health issues after birth.... [tags: teenage impregnation]
1465 words (4.2 pages)
- Introduction Since the 1970s, many countries in the world the problem of adolescent sexuality and first sexual experience at young age appeared. To make matters worse, the trend of adolescent pregnancy became increasingly serious. From the fact sheet of World Health Organization, there are about 16 million adolescent girls giving birth every year – most in low- and middle-income countries. Among them, an estimated three million girls aged 15-19 undergo unsafe abortions every year. In low- and middle-income countries, over 30% of girls marry before they are 18 years of age; around 14% before the age of 15 and complications from pregnancy and childbirth are a leading cause of death among girls... [tags: sex experience, education]
1799 words (5.1 pages)
- The Miseducation of the Teenage Mother and Intergenerational Pregnancies Background The past two decades have shown a decline in adolescent pregnancy but today, the United States continues to hold the number one position for highest adolescent pregnancy rates among developed countries.1 Research has found that about two in every five teenage girls become pregnant before the age of twenty years old.2 The recurrence of early childhood bearing now reaches up to 900,000 pregnancies each year in the United States.1 The various factors associated with high prevalence of teenage motherhood can be seen among communities affected by low socioeconomic status, a lack of education, and more intere... [tags: adolescent pregnancy, motherhood]
2314 words (6.6 pages)
- Review of Literature Adolescent pregnancy has been and will continue to be an issue. Teenagers who engage in premarital sex tend to do it irresponsibly and unprotected. This puts them in danger of sexually transmitted diseases and at risk for becoming pregnant. Many times adolescents don't realize the grave responsibilities that come with becoming a teenage parent. A variety of educational programs that educate adolescents on pregnancy prevention have been developed to allow students the opportunity to experience those responsibilities and burden that caring for an infant entails.... [tags: sex, adolescent, parenting]
2369 words (6.8 pages)
- Teenage pregnancy significantly impacts an adolescent’s education, as well as the goals they have set for themselves. Parental involvement is sometimes overlooked by the teen while deciding if abortion is the right choice. Most teenagers have access to obtain an abortion without their parents’ permission because some states consider a pregnant teen an adult. When states consider a pregnant adolescent an adult, the teen has the authority to make their own decisions. One reason why abortion is a chosen procedure by young adults is to continue their education and receive an ideal career in the future.... [tags: adolescent's education, unprepared, immature]
958 words (2.7 pages)
- Factors that Lead to Teen Pregnancy Although the overall rate of teen pregnancy has been declining, the rates have remained high for teens that are most vulnerable. The great majority of Americans believe that teen pregnancies are a serious national problem, indeed a problem that is the major component of what is thought to be national moral decline. However, what causes these teens to become pregnant at such a young age. A large body of research has identified a number of factores that underlie teen sexual and contraceptive behavior, pregnancy, and childbearing.... [tags: Teen Pregnant Pregnancy Essays]
1357 words (3.9 pages)
- Americans take great pride in their leadership among nations. Such a distinction becomes embarrassing however when the title is claimed for the highest teenage pregnancy rate of any developed nation with nearly one million pregnancies each year. There has been extensive research on the phenomenon of teenage pregnancy which has yielded important information about pregnancy rates and risk factors. Researchers concur that pregnancy is a time of dramatic transition. A first time pregnancy propels the mother from the status of woman to mother.... [tags: Teenage Pregnancy Social Issue Essays]
2470 words (7.1 pages)
- Teenage Pregnancy "Over one million teenage girls become pregnant each year. In the next 24 hours, about 3,312 girls will become pregnant. In addition, 43% of all adolescents become pregnant before the age of 20. These are incredible statistics when you consider that there are only 31 million females. The United States has the highest adolescent pregnancy rate in the developed world. As statistics show one in nine women between the ages of 15 through 19 become pregnant each year. Also, every 26 seconds a teenage girl becomes pregnant and every 56 seconds a child of a teenage mother is born." A child needs a nurturing and stable environment in order to prosper and grow.... [tags: Teen Pregnancy]
669 words (1.9 pages)
- Every year approximately one million teenage girls become pregnant in the United States. Of theses pregnancies only 13 percent are intended. As a result, about a third of these teens abort their pregnancies, another 14 percent lose their pregnancies to miscarriage, and the remaining 52 percent teens bear children. Of the half-a-million teens that give birth annually, 72 percent are unmarried and 75 percent are giving birth for the first time. More than 175,000 of these new moms are age 17 years or younger.... [tags: Teenage Pregnancy Essays]
1782 words (5.1 pages)
Values, beliefs, and customs influence client ‘s approach to the health care system and personal health practices. The varieties of culture within Hispanic will require an individualized care plan, based on their own culture, beliefs, and languages. According to (Melby, 2006): “ The taboo against teen pregnancy isn’t strong in many Hispanic communities”. Pregnant adolescent will receive support if she chooses to keep the baby. This reflected in the lower rate of abortion in Hispanic related to their Roman Catholic religious belief (Melby).
Poverty is the most commonly predictor for the high rates of pregnancy in Hispanic. Teenage mothers often come from single-family homes, where the single parent is a mother who is very likely to have been a single mother herself (Byers, 2000). Adolescence pregnancy in unmarried teens can create health difficulties as well as economic hardships. They tend to drop out of school to find jobs to support themselves. Without a high school diploma, many of them are locked into low-paying jobs. Economic disparities prevent many unmarried Hispanic from finding adequate health care. Access to birth control and transportation to free clinics become unaffordable.
Promoting healthy lifestyle.
Teen mothers may not understand the importance of nutrition during pregnancy, and they may not be aware of the other health factors that affect the baby, such as smoking and drinking. Babies who are born to teens are more likely to be born prematurely and to have low birth weight.
Motivation to learn
The self-efficacy plays an important part in adolescent’s health promotion and improvement during pregnancy and childcare, as well as her own personal growth and development. They will establish personal mastery, due to the fact that they are facing with challenges of pregnancy, coping with anxiety, and maturing. Personal mastery, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and physiologic feedback, are important aspects to help adolescence in a possible change of behavior (Rankin, Stallings, & London, 2005). In a study conducted by Ford, K., et.al.(2002), “The mastery modeling, peer-centered, prenatal care program produced some positive pregnancy outcomes for adolescence mother”. Intervention in this study was based on cognitive theory, where adolescents gain insight of their pregnancy, prepare for childbirth, work with health care professionals, and prevent unplanned pregnancy. Education regarding the importance of nutrition, exercise, childbirth preparation, caring for newborn are emphasized and prenatal care was conducted as well. Result showed that adolescent who participated in this study has fewer rates of low birth infant.
The most important factor leading to positive changes is motivation and the skill that they learn. With successful accomplishments they develop self-efficacy, which increase their expectation of self-mastery (Nguyen, Carson, Parris, & Place, 2003).
Berger, K. S. (2008). The developing person through the lifespan (7th ed.). New York: Worth.
Byers, A. (2000). The problem of teen pregnancy. In Teen and pregnancy: A hot issue (pp. 5-13). Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers.
Chen, E., Martin, A. D., & Matthews, K. A. (2006). Understanding health disparities: The role of race and socioeconomic Status in children’s health. American Journal of Public Health, 96(4), 702-708. Retrieved from http://0-proquest.umi.com.torofind.csudh.edu/pqdweb?index=12&did=1016145921&SrchMode=1&sid=10&Fmt=6&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1267207387&clientId=17844
Ford, K., Weglicki, L., Kershaw, T., Schram, C., Hoyer, P. J., & Jacobson, M. L. (2002). Effects of a prenatal care intervention for adolescent mothers on birth weight, repeat pregnancy, and educational outcomes at One Year Postpartum. The Journal of Perinatal Education, 11(1), 35-38. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1595095/pdf/JPE110035.pdf
Melby, T. (2006). Hispanics become focus of teen pregnancy prevention efforts. Contemporary Sexuality, 40(4), 1-4. Retrieved February 24, 2010, from http://0-proquest.umi.com.torofind.csudh.edu/pqdlink?did=1321248011&sid=1&Fmt=6&clientId=17844&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Nguyen, J. D., Carson, M. L., Parris, K. M., & Place, P. (2003). A comparison pilot study of public health field nursing home visitation program interventions for pregnant hispanic adolescents. Public Health Nursing, 20(5), 412-418. Retrieved from http://0-web.ebscohost.com.torofind.csudh.edu/ehost/pdf?vid=4&hid=5&sid=673ab3e2-ba88-485f-9675-c93894d3443f%40sessionmgr14
Rankin, S. H., Stallings, K. D., & London, F. (2005). Patient education in health and illness (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven.
Talashek, M. L., Alba, M. L., & Patel, A. (2006). Untangling the health disparities of teen pregnancy. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, 11(1), 14-27. Retrieved from http://0-proquest.umi.com.torofind.csudh.edu/pqdweb?index=30&did=985208811&SrchMode=1&sid=1&Fmt=6&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1267213382&clientId=17844
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Healthy People 2010 (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.