The purpose of this medication is to improve social interactions, the length of attention span, and to decrease hyperactivity and impulsivity. Ritalin is a central nervous system stimulant that work in the body by regulating the chemicals and nerves in the brain that control hyperactivity and impulse control. The chemicals in the brain that are effected are called neurotransmitters. Ritalin prevents the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine, which are specifically involved with attention and movement, from reabsorption. This means that there will be more norepinephrine and dopamine available in the brain to help increase focus and control and reduce hyperactivity. Ritalin also helps to reduce fidgeting, improve cont...
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...o not change the dose before consulting your prescriber. If a medication dose is missed take as soon as possible, but do not double dose. Ritalin should not be taken after 6:00pm because it can lead to insomnia or difficulty sleeping. If a missed does was remembered after 6:00pm the dose should be omitted. Caffeinated beverages should be avoided while taking this medication to reduce the risk of insomnia and difficulty sleeping. Do no stop taking Ritalin suddenly without consulting you physician, mood changes, depression, extreme fatigue and changes in heart rhythm can occur.
Lab tests involved with taking Ritalin are done periodically during prolong therapy. Lab tests are used to monitor condition and check for side effects. Monitored labs include the CBC, differential, and platelet count. A heart function test is also done as well as monitoring blood pressure.
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