Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a common mental disorder whose definition continues to change. Most clinicians make a diagnosis off of a list of symptoms in three categories: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. There are three different subtypes of ADHD: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Combined Type if both the inattentive criteria and the hyperactive/impulsive criteria have been present for the past six months; Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Predominantly Inattentive Type if the inattention criteria are met but the hyperactive/impulsive criteria has not been present for the past six months; and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Predominantly Hyperactive/Impulsive Type if the hyperactive criteria has been met but the inattentive criteria has not been present for the past six months (Robin 15).
Most children are usually diagnosed with ADHD in early childhood. ADHD affects 3 to 5 percent of all children. It is two to three times more likely in boys than in girls (AACAP). In as many as 65% of these cases the diagnosis persists into adolescences (Wolraich 1734). There are also cases where children are not diagnosed until they reach adolescence.
ADHD in an adolescent involves less hyperactivity and much more noticeable problems in academics. The demands of middle school and high school increase significantly as do the pressure for the adolescent to be more independent. The social environment also changes and leads to increased problems with peer relationships (Wolraich 1735). Some adolescents also start to resist taking their meds at this time making it even more difficult for them to navigate through this period. Combine this with the already tumult...
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...my new understanding I will be in a much better position to assist him through the transition.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Your Adolescent - Attention Deficit/Hyperacitivity Disorder. 21 Oct. 2008
Robin, Arthur L. ADHD in Adolescence. New York: Guilford, 1998.
Wolraich, Mark L., et al. “Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Adolescents: A Review of the Diagnosis, Treatment, and Clinical Implications...” Pediatrics 115.6 (June 2005): 1734-1746. Health Source – Consumer Edition. EBSCO. Heald , Fresno, CA. 12 Nov. 2008 http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=hxh&AN=17188644&site=ehost-live.
Young, Joel L. ADHD Grown Up: A Guide to Adolescent and Adult ADHD. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007.
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