Addison's disease is rare being that, in the United States, it occurs in 5 out of 100,000 people and it develops after 90% or more of the adrenal cortex has deteriorated (Delmar, Cengage Learning, 2011). Approximately 70% of the people afflicted present in conjunction with an auto-immune disorder (Carson-DeWitt, 2011). According to Carson-DeWitt, in 20% of these cases, tuberculosis is the cause of the cortex destruction (2011). However, there are other causes for the damage to the adrenal cortex resulting in Addison's disease which include but, are not limited to; infections, blood loss, tumors, the use of anti-coagulants, and sometimes genetic deficiencies. (Rennert, 2012).
The adrenal glands are located on the top of the kidneys and they are composed of two glands with separate functions (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle, & Cheever, 2010). The medulla releases catecholamines and is surrounded by the cortex which secretes glucocorticoid hormones, mineralocorticoid hormones, and sex hormones (Rennert, 2012). Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle, & Cheever state glucocorticoids, specifically Cortisol, is involved ...
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...enter via Gale (3rd ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Gale. Retrieved November 2, 2013, from Nursing Resource Center via Gale:
Rennert, N. J. (2012). Retrieved November 6, 2013 from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000378.htm
Smeltzer, S. C., Bare, B. G., Hinkle, J. L., & Cheever, K. H. (2010). Brunner & Suddarth's Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing. (12th ed., p. 1275-1276, 1279-1280). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health / Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Townsend, M. C. (2012). Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing. (7th ed., p. 68 & 563). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company.
Update: Addison's disease. (2012, Oct 13). Chemist & Druggist, 14. Retrieved November 5, 2013, from Nursing and Allied Health Collection via Gale:
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