Essay about Acute Myocardial Infarction And Coronary Artery Disease

Essay about Acute Myocardial Infarction And Coronary Artery Disease

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Name of deceased: Loretta Elizabeth Harris
Age: 51
Date of Birth: September 12, 1950
Date of Death: February 16, 2012
Place of Death: Residence
Cause of death: Acute myocardial infarction; Coronary artery disease
1. Etiology - Acute myocardial infarction is simply the medical term for a heart attack. Acute myocardial infarction occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked causing tissue damage in the heart. This usually occurs within the coronary arteries. In this case,the patient suffered from coronary artery disease, which will be described later on in the text. Acute myocardial infarction is very serious and the patient should be taken to the hospital immediately. This blockage can cause major damage to the heart and could possibly result in death. The blockage could consist of mostly of fat, cholesterol and cellular waste. Coronary artery disease occurs when the blood struggles to flow into the arteries of the heart. It is the most common type of heart disease according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and it is also the leading cause of death in men and women in the United States. The heart is responsible for pumping blood to all of the arteries located throughout the heart. They all work together to function properly. The coronary arteries are where this disease takes place. The four many arteries are: the right main coronary artery, the left main coronary artery, the circumflex artery and the left anterior descending artery. If even just one of these arteries become blocked or partially blocked, the flow of blood to the heart will slow down and if the blockage continues to grow, there will be a complete blockage resulting in an acute myocardial infarction or a heart attack. In this case for Loret...

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...into the heart to remove the blocked and regain blood flow back to the heart. Veins and arteries may need to be rerouted in order for the blood to flow properly and in this case, the doctor will perform a coronary artery bypass graft. Many different medications can also be used to treat a heart attack. Some of these medication include blood thinners such as aspirin to allow the blood to squeeze between the blockage in the arteries better. Thrombolytics are also a good medication that will dissolve clots in the blood. Clopidogrel is an antiplatelet drug to prevent a blood clot from ever existing. Nitroglyserin widens the otherwise narrow blood vessels allowing easier access for the blood to flow.
Coronary artery disease is treated in most of the same ways that a heart attack is treated. The doctor will listen closely to the heart to determine the severity of the case

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