. ( ).
Around three thousand new cases of childhood ALL are reported yearly in the United States (Kanwar, 2013). Out of those diagnosed, white children seemed more often affected than children of other races and males were slightly more affected than females (Kanwar, 2013). The frequency of childhood ALL cases crest at ages 2 to 5 and then decreases as they grow older (Kanwar, 2013). Unfortunately, there are no identifiable causes associated with this cancer. However, according to the Mayo Clinic Staff (2012), factors that can increase the chance of getting ALL include previous cancer treatment, exposure to radiation, existing genetic disorders, and having a sibling with ALL. On the bright side of this horrible news, the overall survival rate for this type of cancer is now over 85 percent (American Cancer Society, 2013)95. According to the American Cancer Society95, “children who are free of the disease after 5 years are very likely to have been cured, because it very rare for these cancers to return after such a period of time.”
To classify ALL, physicians used to use what is called the French-American-British (FAB) classification to divided the disease into three categories called L1, L2, or L3, based on how the leukemia cells looked under a microscope(American Cancer Society, 2013)54. This method is now a thing...
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Kanwar, V.S. (2013, Sep 16). Diseases & Conditions - Medscape Reference. Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Retrieved January 13, 2014, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/990113-overview#a0156
Mayo Clinic Staff (2012, September 15). Acute lymphocytic leukemia Risk factors - Diseases and Conditions - Mayo Clinic. Retrieved January 16, 2014, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acute-lymphocytic-leukemia/basics/risk-factors/con-20042915
Viele, C.S. (2003). Diagnosis, treatment, and nursing care of acute leukemia. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 19(2), 98-108. Retrieved , from http://www.nursingconsult.com/nursing/journals/0749-2081/full-text/PDF/s0749208103000068.pdf?issn=0749-2081&full_text=pdf&pdfName=s0749208103000068.pdf&spid=13652985&article_id=487088
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