“At the heart of this tradition is the desire to be healthy and whole, to integrate the various aspects of our human nature,” (Gillen & Gillen, 2007, p.19). The origins of yoga can be traced back to India where its development was expressed through the Sanskrit language. The word yoga comes from the Sanskrit word meaning “yoke or unite”. The art of yoga is a system which allows the participant to develop physical and mental strength (Zipkin, 1985). Yoga is thought to be rooted in Hinduism, but has been found to precede this religious practice. In the Indus Valley, stone carvings dating back 3,500 years or more depict figures in yoga positions. This places the origin of yoga back further than the beginning of Hinduism (Gillen & Gillen, 2007). Yoga is meant to unite the mind and body through breathing, exercise, meditation, and positive thinking, lifestyle, and relaxation. The uniting and balancing of these five areas provides for a sense of overall well-being as each is mindfully practiced.
The philosophical system of classical yoga is rooted in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali . This Sutra consists of an eight-limb path of guidance to actions, thoughts and morality (Santangelo White, 2009). Each of the limbs addresses an essential part of classical yoga. When practiced in sequence, these limbs support the individual’s journey to acquire the full physical and mental benefits of yoga (Stephens, 2010). The eight limbs include the practice of each of the following sequential steps: Yama, promoting living together in peace; Niyama, eliminating toxins and negativity; Asana, emphasizing correct posture and effective control of movements; Pranayma, focusing on awareness of breathing; Pratyahara, working on learning re...
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...fluenced by personality mediators, environmental factors, and emotional response (Stewart Stanec, Forneris & Theuerkauf, 2010; Klingberg, 2009). According to Medeiros et al., (1983) stressful situations for children may occur for a variety of reasons such as parental divorce, problems with peers, issues at school, or pressures in sport activities. There are several signs and symptoms, both physical and mental, which may appear in children who are experiencing stressful situations. Children who are under stress may exhibit one of the following: headaches, stomach problems, nightmares, sleeping problems, poor concentration, depression, and not finishing homework (Gillen & Gillen, 2007). These symptoms can also interfere with everyday tasks children must accomplish, and hinder the amount of learning that takes place because of physical and mental instability.
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