The Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Aids ) Essay

The Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Aids ) Essay

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The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a devastating new disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This retrovirus causes profound immune incompetence in its infected hosts, who are thereafter susceptible to develop myriad severe and relapsing protozoal, fungal, bacterial, viral, and arthropod opportunistic infections, as well as unusual malignancies. More than 50,000 patients who have developed AIDS in the United States have produced a sudden unexpected deluge of diagnostic dilemmas that are stressing laboratories of pathology everywhere.
The pathology of the numerous complications in patients infected by HIV. The prodromal AIDS-related complex with persistent generalized lymphadenopathy, lymphoid infiltration of salivary gland and lung, including the complex of lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis-pulmonary lymphoid hyperplasia, extranodal non-Hodgkin 's lymphomas, multifocal subcutaneous and visceral Kaposi 's sarcoma, small cell undifferentiated (oat cell) carcinomas. In addition, protozoal infections caused by Pneumocystis Cabrini, Toxoplasma genii, Acanthamoeba, Cryptosporidium species, and Isospora belli, the causes of chronic enteritis. Moreover, mycotic infections caused by Cryptococcus neoformans, Histoplasma capsulatum, Coccidioides immitis, and Sporothrix schenckii. Also, bacterial infections caused by Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, M. tuberculosis, M. kansasii, Listeria monocytogenes, Treponema pallidum. Others, viral infections caused by cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex and zoster, polyomavirus, hepatitis B, molluscum contagiosum, and papillomavirus, oral hairy leukoplakia, subacute encephalopathy, and Norwegian scabies.
In 2012, the prevalence of people with AIDS/HIV an estimated 1.22 mil...


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...health care providers may complete a report form for new diagnosis of HIV-related illness, provider should continue to report new diagnoses of AIDS to the Department of Health using the new reporting form. Moreover, the physicians, NPs, and nurse midwives may delegate specific tasks associated with reporting to other supervised members of the care teams. Furthermore, the health care provider responsibilities regarding HIV or AIDS partners/spousal notification. This new program requires providers to Report to the Health Department the names of all known sexual and needle-sharing partners, including spouses, as well as the names of any partners the patient wishes to have notified Also, report information about partner notification plans and the results of screening for domestic violence of each reported partner on the Medical Provider HIV/AIDS and Partner/Contact Form.

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The Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Aids ) Essay

- The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a devastating new disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This retrovirus causes profound immune incompetence in its infected hosts, who are thereafter susceptible to develop myriad severe and relapsing protozoal, fungal, bacterial, viral, and arthropod opportunistic infections, as well as unusual malignancies. More than 50,000 patients who have developed AIDS in the United States have produced a sudden unexpected deluge of diagnostic dilemmas that are stressing laboratories of pathology everywhere....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Antiretroviral drug, Immune system]

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