Rain is a major component of the water cycle and holds responsibility for depositing most of the fresh water on Earth. (EPA USA, 2014) It is the provider behind suitable conditions for various ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation. (Andrei, 2011) Acid rain, or acid deposition, is a form of precipitation that posses a higher acidity than regular rain. (Seinfeld & Pandis, 1998) Acid deposition also includes other forms such as snow, sleet, hail, and fog (or cloud water). (Carr et al, 2010) It is known to have a pH scale of around 5, and to have several side effects.
The pH scale contains values starting from zero, the most acidic, to 14.0 which is more alkaline, or least acidic. Pure water has a pH value of 7, which means that it is neutral—neither acidic or basic. (EPA USA, 2014) Regular rain has a pH value of around 5.6. However, when rain combines with sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxides, the rain becomes much more acidic, with a pH value of 4.0. Rain, although naturally acidic, seems to have been increasing at a rapid rate due to many reasons. (Moyle, 2014) The highest level of acidity in rain ever recorded was identical to the acidity of lemon juice, which is enough to irritate the human skin.
The biggest problem with acid rain is that pollution cannot be contained by mere borders and therefore easily spread into other areas as well. Acid rain is formed by a chemical reaction between two major compounds, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, mixed with water molecules in the air. (Carr et al, 2010) Most acid based chemistry often happens in water because the Di hydrogen oxide is capable of either accepting a proton from an acid or ...
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Sarah Dowdey (2011) How acid rain works- Retrieved from: http://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/climate-weather/atmospheric/acid-rain2.htm
Seinfeld, John H.; Pandis, Spyros N (1998). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics — From Air Pollution to Climate Change. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
TheLedger (2014) Erosion Fix Would Cost $43.4 Million. Retrieved from: http://www.theledger.com/article/20140415/news/140419502?tc=ar
U.S. Department of State (2007). Projected Greenhouse Gas Emissions. In: Fourth Climate Action Report to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change . U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC, USA. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/gases/co2.html
Will Knight(2004) Acid rain limits global warming Retrieved from:
ZME science (2012). Mihai Andrei Rain, Retreived from: http://www.zmescience.com/tag/rain/#!GANZy
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