Global health inequalities within and between countries are still prominent although we are approaching post MDG (Millennium Development Goals) era. It can be clearly seen with the fact that 99% of all maternal deaths occur in developing countries. Not surprisingly, more than half of these deaths are from sub-Saharan Africa and one third from South Asia (WHO, 2012). In terms of HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), sub-Saharan Africa again bears 70% of the global prevalence burden (WHO, 2013).
In order to fulfill the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health, the primary responsibility lies on the country itself. However, this is not the case for low income countries with lack of resources, weak health systems and poor governance. As such, the role of international official development assistance (ODA) for health has become important. Nevertheless, due to the fragmented nature of ODA, issues of sustainability, and increasing recognition of duty bearer and right holder positions, the international community now desire to develop a central international pool of development assistance for health (DAH) which is named – a Global Fund for Health (Ooms and Hammonds, 2014). In this paper, I would like to discuss the current attempts to achieve the right to health through this Global Fund for Health, from the developing countries perspectives.
Discussion according to the Literature
The right to health, in reality, comprises of not only the right to access to and utilization of health care, but also the right to attain the underlying social determinants of health such as food, water, education, etc. "Availability, Acceptability, Accessibilit...
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...d as in economical and social assistance.
In conclusion, to give my personal opinion as a citizen from a low-income country, the idea of Global Fund for Health is a very wise and comprehensive attempt to fulfill the right to health through universal health coverage. However, linking it with global governance or political will to control human right violations would have some contradictories. The people in those poor countries have been suffered enough from their context or their imperfect governments. If the Global Fund for Health, a funding which aim to have global health security would be made conditional to human rights issues, how many more poor people have to be suffered from health problems and continued violations of human rights until their government stop doing so? This, in turn, might limit them from fulfilling their right to health again.
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