Essay about The Achievement Goal Theory ( Agt )

Essay about The Achievement Goal Theory ( Agt )

Length: 859 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Achievement Goal Theory (AGT; Nicholls, 1984) was developed in light of this criticism, to investigate the responses of an athlete to the type of career failure and/or decline that Armstrong experienced, particularly within a sporting context. This theory addresses the social-cognitive elements, which still provide a sound theoretical framework in the modern world of sport (Mallett & Hanrahan, 2004). AGT today is characterised by two types of motivation: Task goals and Ego goals. A task-orientated athlete would rate their competence based on their mastery of a task, and would strive for success through effort. This differs to an ego-orientated athlete who would base their competence on their superiority, and would strive for success by comparative ability to competitors (Nicholls, 1984). Studies have shown that those who are task-orientated, experience more positive emotions (Dewar & Kavussanu, 2012) which can, in some cases, increase success rates (Roberts, Treasure & Balague, 2008). It is learned from interviews, that Armstrong often compared himself to others; part of his justification for turning to PED’s was that he thought everyone else was doing it at the time and it was the only way he could stand a chance of exceeding his competitors. Armstrong also strived to win, and to gain winners titles such as the Tour de France champion, which labels and confirms his superiority to his competitors.
Further research into ego and task-orientated goals, has suggested that PED usage is more favourable amongst those possessing ego goals, and they are therefore at a greater risk of using PED’s in competitive sports (Barkoukis, Lazarus, Tsorbatzoudis & Rodafinos, 2011). This idea contrasts the research around morality in sport, as it ...

... middle of paper ...

...ngly more successful with the effort that he put into cycling from such a young age. However as his career rapidly declined between 1992 and 1996, before being diagnosed with cancer, Armstrong had become so desperate to return to his success streak that, he began to become even more aggressive both on the road and towards the media. He later admitted in his autobiography that he had lost all respect (Armstrong & Jenkins, 2000) and it was said that his confidence was the lowest it had ever been, to the point where he had even considered quitting the sport (Deoden, 2012). This frustration and aggressiveness in an athlete may simply be a reflection of the individuals’ personality, however these are also common characteristics of both the fear of failure and basic need thwarting in relation to CET (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Conroy, Elliot & Hofer, 2003; Moller & Elliot, 2006).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Achievement Goal Theory & Athletic Burnout

- Football academies are environments in which promising footballers are trained and developed with the goal of becoming elite senior athletes (Crust, Nesti & Littlewood, 2010). English academies operate a dual sporting goal according to Isoard-Gautheur, Guillet-Ducas & Duda (2013), in which they aim to teach and help athlete’s master skills, but also have an obligation to ensure enough athletes break through into the senior team. Academies train athletes from the ages of 10 to 18 on a part time format, using elite coaches and elite competition between other academies to enhance their player’s ability (Crust, Nesti & Littlewood, 2010)....   [tags: Achievement Goal Theory]

Better Essays
2644 words (7.6 pages)

Path-Goal Leadership Theory Essay

- Path-goal theory deals with the leader's style to motivate followers, to accomplish set goals (Northouse, 2010). The path-goal theory is simply the implication that a leader works with an individual to establish a goal. The leader does this by individual motivation to achieve the proposed goal, while working through obstacles that may hinder achieving that goal (Whitener, 2007). The basic assumption of path-goal theory is that the following motivates subordinates: the capability to perform the work, their efforts will result in a certain outcome, and the payoff will be worthwhile (Whitener, 2007)....   [tags: Path-Goal Leadership Theory ]

Better Essays
867 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about The Theory Of Goal Setting

- Introduction The theory of goal setting was developed by Edward Locke and Gary Latham (1990) and states that there is a direct relationship between the setting of specific high goals and task performance. A higher degree of employee performance is obtained when specific goals are set compared to the performance achieved when employees are simply told to do their best (Latham & Locke, 2007). These findings have helped shape leadership styles and improve employee performance and job satisfaction (Posthuma & Al-Riyami, 2012)....   [tags: Management, Leadership, Goal, Motivation]

Better Essays
1044 words (3 pages)

The Goal Setting Theory By Locke And Latham Essay

- Since the publishing of the goal setting theory by Locke and Latham (1990), there have been a series of follow up research on the various elements of goal setting likely to influence goal attainment. A number of studies, based off of the discovery of the ponderous influence of goal setting on success, scrutinizing the effects of goals on moderating factors in achievement like self efficacy (Elson & Ginis, 2004), motivation (Elliot & Harackiewicz, 1994), goal sources, commitment, performance and numerous others have been conducted....   [tags: Motivation, Goal, Goal setting, Effectiveness]

Better Essays
958 words (2.7 pages)

Principles Of Management Goal Setting Theory Essay

- Goal setting is having an aimed objective to be accomplished in specified time. According to Principles of Management, goal setting theory is the power that practically motivates. For example, 1000 blue-collar workers were used in a study in order to show strong evidence about which arrangement best improved performance. Based on this study of goal setting, there was a result of 10% and 25% or more from much research evidence that smart goals are highly helpful and should be timely and realistic....   [tags: Management, Goal]

Better Essays
748 words (2.1 pages)

Leadership Is The Capacity For The Achievement Of A Common Goal Essay

- Leadership is not concerned with the position in the management of the company or the at what level you are working. A general thinking is that the most senior in the management of any company becomes the leader of that company. They are just that, senior executives. It is not connected with any pay grades or the level of seniority you have in the organization. Peter Drucker: “The only definition of a leader is someone who has followers.” Warren Bennis: “Leadership is the capacity to translate vision into reality.” Bill Gates: “As we look ahead into the next century, leaders will be those who empower others.” John Maxwell: “Leadership is influence – nothing more, nothing less.” So what is...   [tags: Mukesh Ambani, Dhirubhai Ambani]

Better Essays
3132 words (8.9 pages)

Essay on The Implementation Of The Path Goal Theory

- The implementation of the path-goal theory is to examine ways of how leaders are effectively able to remove obstacles from people’s lives (Laureate Education, 2012). To remove obstacles, a working set of goals are needed to attain overcoming personal, behavioral, or environmental object laid out in the valences associated with the barriers (House, 1971; Laureate Education, 2012). The obstacles are either familiars or unfamiliar to the leader requiring an exponential entrenchment to mobilized achieving the course of action (Laureate Education, 2012; House, 1971)....   [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]

Better Essays
1639 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on The Goal by Eliyahu Goldratt and Jeff Cox

- The Goal by Eliyahu Goldratt and Jeff Cox “The Goal” is as it vividly explains, is a book on achieving goals. Eliyahu Goldratt, world famous Israeli physicist turned business consultant, the creator of the “Theory of constraints”, in his work “The Goal”, explains a lot about managerial skills, to achieve higher productivity and efficiency, in a simple and lucid manner....   [tags: Goal Setting Business Achievement]

Free Essays
1134 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about The Theory Of A Conceptual System And Goal Attainment Theory

- The last term that I believe is important for everyone to understand for themselves is person. My definition of person is any individual. I believe it is important to see each patient as a person or individual rather than as a number or a diagnosis. Understanding the definition of person can actually be more important in nursing than one may think in my opinion. In my opinion every person has their own needs, experiences, and views so this makes it even more important to view people as individuals rather than as a group....   [tags: Nursing, Patient, Nursing theory, Completeness]

Better Essays
1394 words (4 pages)

Achievement in History and in Your Life Essay

- Achievement. What does one think when they hear that word. Maybe they think of a person that has achieved something really big, like Bill Gates. He is one of the most riches people in the world. The reason of why one may have read this may be unknown, but when they finish this, they will know what the definition of achievement really is. The purpose of this paper is to teach one about the word achievement and what makes it important. What is achievement. Achievement is something that is accomplished successfully (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary)....   [tags: Achievement, ]

Better Essays
931 words (2.7 pages)