Further research into ego and task-orientated goals, has suggested that PED usage is more favourable amongst those possessing ego goals, and they are therefore at a greater risk of using PED’s in competitive sports (Barkoukis, Lazarus, Tsorbatzoudis & Rodafinos, 2011). This idea contrasts the research around morality in sport, as it ...
... middle of paper ...
...ngly more successful with the effort that he put into cycling from such a young age. However as his career rapidly declined between 1992 and 1996, before being diagnosed with cancer, Armstrong had become so desperate to return to his success streak that, he began to become even more aggressive both on the road and towards the media. He later admitted in his autobiography that he had lost all respect (Armstrong & Jenkins, 2000) and it was said that his confidence was the lowest it had ever been, to the point where he had even considered quitting the sport (Deoden, 2012). This frustration and aggressiveness in an athlete may simply be a reflection of the individuals’ personality, however these are also common characteristics of both the fear of failure and basic need thwarting in relation to CET (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Conroy, Elliot & Hofer, 2003; Moller & Elliot, 2006).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Football academies are environments in which promising footballers are trained and developed with the goal of becoming elite senior athletes (Crust, Nesti & Littlewood, 2010). English academies operate a dual sporting goal according to Isoard-Gautheur, Guillet-Ducas & Duda (2013), in which they aim to teach and help athlete’s master skills, but also have an obligation to ensure enough athletes break through into the senior team. Academies train athletes from the ages of 10 to 18 on a part time format, using elite coaches and elite competition between other academies to enhance their player’s ability (Crust, Nesti & Littlewood, 2010).... [tags: Achievement Goal Theory]
2644 words (7.6 pages)
- Path-goal theory deals with the leader's style to motivate followers, to accomplish set goals (Northouse, 2010). The path-goal theory is simply the implication that a leader works with an individual to establish a goal. The leader does this by individual motivation to achieve the proposed goal, while working through obstacles that may hinder achieving that goal (Whitener, 2007). The basic assumption of path-goal theory is that the following motivates subordinates: the capability to perform the work, their efforts will result in a certain outcome, and the payoff will be worthwhile (Whitener, 2007).... [tags: Path-Goal Leadership Theory ]
867 words (2.5 pages)
- Introduction The theory of goal setting was developed by Edward Locke and Gary Latham (1990) and states that there is a direct relationship between the setting of specific high goals and task performance. A higher degree of employee performance is obtained when specific goals are set compared to the performance achieved when employees are simply told to do their best (Latham & Locke, 2007). These findings have helped shape leadership styles and improve employee performance and job satisfaction (Posthuma & Al-Riyami, 2012).... [tags: Management, Leadership, Goal, Motivation]
1044 words (3 pages)
- Since the publishing of the goal setting theory by Locke and Latham (1990), there have been a series of follow up research on the various elements of goal setting likely to influence goal attainment. A number of studies, based off of the discovery of the ponderous influence of goal setting on success, scrutinizing the effects of goals on moderating factors in achievement like self efficacy (Elson & Ginis, 2004), motivation (Elliot & Harackiewicz, 1994), goal sources, commitment, performance and numerous others have been conducted.... [tags: Motivation, Goal, Goal setting, Effectiveness]
958 words (2.7 pages)
- Goal setting is having an aimed objective to be accomplished in specified time. According to Principles of Management, goal setting theory is the power that practically motivates. For example, 1000 blue-collar workers were used in a study in order to show strong evidence about which arrangement best improved performance. Based on this study of goal setting, there was a result of 10% and 25% or more from much research evidence that smart goals are highly helpful and should be timely and realistic.... [tags: Management, Goal]
748 words (2.1 pages)
- Leadership is not concerned with the position in the management of the company or the at what level you are working. A general thinking is that the most senior in the management of any company becomes the leader of that company. They are just that, senior executives. It is not connected with any pay grades or the level of seniority you have in the organization. Peter Drucker: “The only definition of a leader is someone who has followers.” Warren Bennis: “Leadership is the capacity to translate vision into reality.” Bill Gates: “As we look ahead into the next century, leaders will be those who empower others.” John Maxwell: “Leadership is influence – nothing more, nothing less.” So what is... [tags: Mukesh Ambani, Dhirubhai Ambani]
3132 words (8.9 pages)
- The implementation of the path-goal theory is to examine ways of how leaders are effectively able to remove obstacles from people’s lives (Laureate Education, 2012). To remove obstacles, a working set of goals are needed to attain overcoming personal, behavioral, or environmental object laid out in the valences associated with the barriers (House, 1971; Laureate Education, 2012). The obstacles are either familiars or unfamiliar to the leader requiring an exponential entrenchment to mobilized achieving the course of action (Laureate Education, 2012; House, 1971).... [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]
1639 words (4.7 pages)
- The Goal by Eliyahu Goldratt and Jeff Cox “The Goal” is as it vividly explains, is a book on achieving goals. Eliyahu Goldratt, world famous Israeli physicist turned business consultant, the creator of the “Theory of constraints”, in his work “The Goal”, explains a lot about managerial skills, to achieve higher productivity and efficiency, in a simple and lucid manner.... [tags: Goal Setting Business Achievement]
1134 words (3.2 pages)
- The last term that I believe is important for everyone to understand for themselves is person. My definition of person is any individual. I believe it is important to see each patient as a person or individual rather than as a number or a diagnosis. Understanding the definition of person can actually be more important in nursing than one may think in my opinion. In my opinion every person has their own needs, experiences, and views so this makes it even more important to view people as individuals rather than as a group.... [tags: Nursing, Patient, Nursing theory, Completeness]
1394 words (4 pages)
- Achievement. What does one think when they hear that word. Maybe they think of a person that has achieved something really big, like Bill Gates. He is one of the most riches people in the world. The reason of why one may have read this may be unknown, but when they finish this, they will know what the definition of achievement really is. The purpose of this paper is to teach one about the word achievement and what makes it important. What is achievement. Achievement is something that is accomplished successfully (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary).... [tags: Achievement, ]
931 words (2.7 pages)
- The 1920s : An Era Of Dramatic Political And Cultural Change
- Physiological Parameters Of The Pulmonary Airflow
- How Inclusive Language Affect Students With Special Needs
- The State Of North Carolina
- The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Hiv / Aids )
- Mexican Migrant Students Crossing The Border