Accounting Scandals: The ENRON Scandal in 2001 Essay

Accounting Scandals: The ENRON Scandal in 2001 Essay

Length: 1233 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Accounting Scandals:
Accounting fraud refers to fraud that is committed by a company by maintaining false information about the sales and income in the company books, when overstating the company's assets or profits, when a company is actually undergoing a loss. These fraudulent records are then used to seek investment in the company's bond or security issues. By showing these false entries, the company attempts to apply fraudulent loan applications as a final attempt to save the company by obtaining more money from bankruptcy. Accounting frauds is actually done to hide the company’s actual financial issues.
A clear example of accounting fraud is the act of purposely overpricing a company's assets in order to increment its share price. Another example is due to financial problems, saving company from collapsing. One of the biggest accounting frauds in history occurred during the Enron scandal in 2001.
Accounting ethics has been difficult to control as accountants and auditors must keep in mind the interest of the public while that they remain employed by the company they are auditing. The accountants should take into account how to best apply accounting standards when company faces issues related financial loss. The role of accountant is crucial to society. They serve as financial reporters to owe their primary constraint to public interest. The information provided is critical in aiding managers, investors and others in making crucial economic decisions. An accountant is responsible for any fraudulent financial reporting. Some examples of fraudulent reporting are:
• Manipulation, falsification (forgery), or alteration of accounting records or documents from which the financial statements are prepared.
• Misrepresentation i...

... middle of paper ...

... inventory turnover was found to be very low. The low inventory turnover ratio was an indicator of inadequacy, since inventory usually has a rate of return of zero (Inventory Turnover Ratio Interpretation, 2009). It also implied either poor sales or excess inventory. A low turnover rate indicated poor liquidity, convincible overstocking, and obsolescence, but it would have also reflected a planned inventory build-up in the case of material shortages or in anticipation of rapidly rising prices. (Inventory Turnover Ratio Interpretation, 2009) And a rapid and unexplained rise in the number of sales per day in receivables in addition to growing inventories to cover the shortage was noted. The interviewee (Public Accountant) could smell something suspicious which led him for more detailed procedures and proactive investigation at the end of which a fraud was detected.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Analysis of the Enron/Arthur Anderson Scandal Essay

- Enron and Arthur Anderson were both giants in their own industry. Enron, a Texas based company in the energy trading business, was expanding rapidly in both domestic and global markets. Arthur Anderson, LLC. (Anderson), based out of Chicago, was well established as one of the big five accounting firms. But the means by which they achieved this status became questionable and eventually contributed to their demise. Enron used what if often referred to as “creative” accounting methods, this resulted in them posting record breaking earnings....   [tags: Accounting]

Better Essays
1550 words (4.4 pages)

The Truth About Enron's Collapse Essay

- Introduction Approximately 10 years ago, the truth emerged about Enron, one of the largest and seemingly most successful energy companies in the world until it collapsed and declared bankruptcy. What happened at Enron was due primarily to the ethical climate in business at the time; however, accounting frauds such as Enron are not new. This paper will examine the charismatic leadership from a well-educated man who received both his bachelor and master degree in economic from the University of Missouri and earned a Ph.D....   [tags: fraud, accounting, ethics]

Better Essays
916 words (2.6 pages)

The Beginning of the End of Enron Essay

- The mission of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) is to establish and improve standards of financial accounting and reporting for the guidance and education of the public. Accounting standards assist analysts, potential investors, and corporate figures in determining and comparing the financial performance of a corporation. In recent years, a wave of accounting scandals broke, and a number of companies admitted to following fraudulent accounting procedures to defer attention from the company’s financial performance....   [tags: Business Frauds Deception Accounting Scandal]

Better Essays
1830 words (5.2 pages)

Enron: Who was at fault? Essay

- Most of the world has heard of Enron, the American, mega-energy company that “cooked” their books (Gupta, Weirich & Turner, 2013) and cost their investors billions of dollars in lost earnings and retirement funds. While much of the controversy surrounding the Enron scandal focused on the losses of investors, unethical practices of executives and questionable accounting tactics, there were many others within close proximity to the turmoil. It begs the question- who was really at fault and what has been done to prevent it from happening again....   [tags: lost earnings, retirement funds]

Better Essays
1665 words (4.8 pages)


- The Fall of Enron The History Enron began as a pipeline company in Houston in 1985. It profited by promising to deliver so many cubic feet to a particular utility or business on a particular day at a market price. That change with the deregulation of electrical power markets, a change due in part to lobbying from senior Enron officials. Under the direction of former Chairman Kenneth L. Lay, Enron expanded into an energy broker, trading electricity and other commodities. The Business of Enron Enron became a giant middleman that worked like a hybrid of traditional exchanges....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
731 words (2.1 pages)

Enron Essay

- The fall of the colossal entity called Enron has forever changed the level of trust that the American public holds for large corporations. The wake of devastation caused by this and other recent corporate financial scandals has brought about a web of new reforms and regulations such as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which was signed into law on July 30th, 2002. We are forced to ask ourselves if it will happen again. This essay will examine the collapse of Enron and detail the main causes behind this embarrassing stain of American history....   [tags: Accounting Scandal Finance]

Better Essays
977 words (2.8 pages)

The Impact Of Ethics On The Enron Corporation Essay

- Ethics is something that is very important to have especially in the business world. Ethics is the unwritten laws or rules defined by human nature; ethics is something people encounter as a child learning the differences between right and wrong. In 2001, Enron was the fifth largest company on the Fortune 500. Enron was also the market leader in energy production, distribution, and trading. However, Enron's unethical accounting practices have left the company in joint chapter 11 bankruptcy. This bankruptcy has caused many problems among many individuals....   [tags: Business Ethics]

Better Essays
1868 words (5.3 pages)

Deception, Fraud, and the Collapse of Enron Essay

- Deception, Fraud, and the Collapse of Enron Introduction From America’s 7th most valuable company in December 2000, to a company in ruins by early 2002, Enron has been involved in one of the most incredible reverses of fortune ever. With shares riding high on Wall Street at $84.87 on the 28th December 2000, and awards such as “America’s most innovative company” from Fortune Magazine 6 years running, and “Energy Company of the Year” from the Financial Times also in 2000, it looked as though Enron were promising to be one of the biggest American companies of all time....   [tags: Business Management Studies]

Better Essays
1397 words (4 pages)

The Case for Principle-Based Accounting Essay

- Samuel J. Ochieng DQ Week 2 Discussion on whether to use rules or principles based accounting standards Stakeholders in accounting include and are not limited to shareholders/investors in the company, regulators, lenders, customers and the accounting profession, just to mention a few. All the stakeholders have interest in high quality accounting reports that enable them to make a fair judgment whenever they need to make a decision on regarding a company. Rules-based and principle-based accounting standards both have advantages and disadvantages....   [tags: finance, stakeholders, ]

Better Essays
1056 words (3 pages)

Corporate Scandals: How Greed Consumed The American Dream Essay

- More and more corporate scandals are happening in America. Why have these scandals just shown up in recent years. What causes these corporations to lie and be deceitful towards investors. Though once seen as legitimate, fair, honest, and respectable, corporations have arrived at a stage of greed and deception. This can be explained by a number of factors such as how the stock market works, the stock market boom, changing company practices, CEO benefits, and specific company examples. Public companies are any company that has stock available to the public to buy....   [tags: Business Ethics]

Better Essays
1945 words (5.6 pages)