Neo-natal care has become a common practice that is incorporated in the healthcare plan. The reason for its development is to ensure that infants who are born ill are taken care of and that their lives are safeguarded against the possible dangers they could experience while in the community. One of the issues that affect neo natal care is poverty. When the environment within which infants are brought up is poor or hazardous, their lives are significantly affected.
Poverty is measured in terms of consumption levels and income. In most instances, mothers conceive unwillingly and this leads to the infants being subjected to conditions that are not conducive for their growth. When the consumption level and the income are low, mothers barely afford the good life they would wish for their infants. This means that the life of the infant is endangered by unhygienic and contemptible living conditions (Kaplan, Turrell, & Lynch, 2001, p. 260).
Poverty is therefore one of the major environmental issues that can affect the health of an infant. When an ill born child is subjected to a poor life, there are slim chances of receiving the best health services. Many of the children that are born in poor environments receive poor quality health services and this makes it hard for them to attain good health (Murali & Oyebode, 2004, p. 220). Poverty affects both physical and mental health, and malnutrition is one of the physical effects that are experienced in a poverty-ridden environment. The inability to afford a balanced diet causes individuals to develop health related problems including marasmus and kwashiorkor, common in the Far East and Africa.
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.... Planning entails setting aside a certain amount of money, through either insurances or any other possible means, for the sake of the child. The availability of enough supportive funds ensures that the child is protected from malnutrition and infectious diseases (Aber, Bennet, & Conley, 1997, p. 470).
Regular vaccination should also be provided for by setting aside enough funds to cater for the infant’s development. In addition, getting post natal guidance is essential as it ensures that the child is well protected and that his growth is not affected. With proper postnatal information, the caregiver can be in a position to evaluate whether or not the conditions within which a child is subjected to, are favorable. The caregiver should avoid exposing the child to violent and hazardous conditions to ensure that he/she is protected from physical and mental harm.
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