Al-Biruni or in full Abū al-Rayhān Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Bīrūnī was a Persian-Khwarezmian Muslim scholar and polymath. He was born in 973 and his contributions to science made him one of the greatest Muslim scientists and astronomers. He was well versed in physics, mathematics, geography, history, ethnography, anthropology and astronomy. During his time of becoming a great polymath, he survived some unusual political changes such as change of six princes. There is not enough information about his early life available but from what it is known; khwarezm was located beyond “Amu Darya” river, a river that was called Oxus River at those times. Al-Biruni’s educator, Khwarezm-Shah was a member of the parliament or in better words dynasty that controlled and ruled the area. The dynasty that al-Biruni’s educator was a prince of was called the Banu Iraq. His real name was Abu Nasr Mansur and there are not any clear sources and reasoning of what happened to him during the civil war of the time. The events at that time went in a way that al-Biruni himself described them as: “After I had barely settled down for a few years, I was permitted by the Lord of Time to go back home, but I was compelled to participate in worldly affairs, which excited the envy of fools, but which made the wise pity me.” 
Al-Biruni was a great Muslim scientist in his era and his books and theories are still subjects of study in higher level educations, i.e. Masters and PhD. His mathematical and physics theories and findings caused great discoveries to clarify questions about life, stars and in general astronomy. He plays an important role in science, especially astronomy. His scientific explorations and theories made him one of the retest scientists ...
... middle of paper ...
... Waardenburg, 27.
 George Saliba, "BĪRŪNĪ, ABŪ RAYḤĀN iii. Mathematics and Astronomy" in Encyclopaedia Iranica
 Al-Biruni 1017, The Book of Instruction in the Elements of the Art of Astrology, translated by R. Ramsey Wright.1934.
 Burckhardt. 1977. Titus, Mystical Astrology According to ibn Arabi
 Campion, Nicholas .1982. An Introduction to the History of Astrology
 Nasr, S.H. 1978. Islamic Cosmological Doctrines
 David Plant .1994. Al-Biruni and Arabic Astrology, text available at: http://www.skyscript.co.uk/albiruni.html
 Christopher Warnock. 2012. Renaissance Astrology: Islamic Astrology and Astronomy of Al-Biruni, text available at: http://www.renaissanceastrology.com/albiruni.html
 Dr. Conor Burns, (Winter2014), CHST787 Course-pack, reading #16 (excert from the book of the elements and arts of astrology by al-Biruni)
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Our constitution is built upon the ideas of freedom and decency. After all, it was written after hundreds of years worth of tyranny both at home in England (at the time), and abroad. People were standing against oppression leveled against them from thousands of miles away (for example, the Boston Tea Party), and they were called traitors to the Crown. Today, if someone speaks out against the US and its oppression, or chooses to fight back, we call him an insurgent or a terrorist. It’s quite a twist.... [tags: constitution, USA, government, Abu Ghraib, ]
771 words (2.2 pages)
- ... The second way, The Sanford Prison Experiment differs from The Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal is that they used longitudinal study to examine the prisoners. The prisoners in the Sanford Prison Experiment were all around the same age participating in the same test for the same amount of pay, whereas in the Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal they used the cross-sectional study against the prisoners because they were all different ages. The third way, The Sanford Prison Experiment is different from the Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal is because Zombardo used the heterogeneity bias when doing this experiment because he only wanted healthy, intelligent and mentally stable participants to participate in this exp... [tags: Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse]
1106 words (3.2 pages)
- ... Of the numerous mentions that Ibn Battuta makes of Christianity or Christendom in the Middle East, the majority of them were in reference to significant religious sites that he encountered during his travels. Within the Rihla, Ibn Battuta emphasizes several religious sites, most notably Jerusalem’s Dome of the Rock and the mosque of Aleppo in Damascus; however, what provokes the most interest is the respect and awe he, as a Sunni Muslim, held for sites of Christian pilgrimage. After detailing the lavish interior and exterior of Jerusalem’s Dome of the Rock, he describes other significant Christian sites in Jerusalem, citing a building where Jesus allegedly ascended to heaven and a tomb e... [tags: Islam, Muhammad, Muhammad bin Tughluq, Hajj]
1467 words (4.2 pages)
- Abu Al-Walid Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Rushd, known in Latin as Averroes, was one of the most influential Islamic philosophers and scientist. He lived in a time where Philosophy was not celebrated in the Islamic world, and philosophers were regarded as unbelievers. He, however, revived the Aristotelian philosophy stressing that it has no conflict with the belief in God, and that was the theme he used throughout his writings. He integrated religion and philosophy challenging the anti-philosophical view of the Muslim scholars at that point.... [tags: averroes, spain, existence of God]
1516 words (4.3 pages)
- Too often, Abu Dhabi is viewed as the shy, quiet little sister of bustling Dubai. Unlike Dubai, Abu Dhabi manages to retain a laid-back vibe, despite being a thriving metropolis. In a city skirted by the sea, residents have come to enjoy life’s simple pleasures and embrace the relaxed atmosphere. Discerning residents and select visitors recognize how inviting a lively presence to join in revelry creates a much more memorable day, no matter what is on the agenda. Whatever has brought you to Abu Dhabi Barbies, we hope you are open to allowing one of our illustrious escorts to add color to your world during social outings or impassioned connections inside your quarters.... [tags: United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi, Dubai]
879 words (2.5 pages)
- Ibn Battuta’s early life. Ibn Battuta known for his travels, the only medieval traveler known to have visited the lands of every Muslim ruler of his time. Ibn Battuta traveled for about 27 years. Ibn Battuta was born in February 25, 1304 In Tangier, Morocco. His religion was Islam, he was a Muslim. As a young man, he studied at a Sunni Malkili Madhihab, it was the dominant form of education in North Africa at that time. At a very young age, age of 21, Ibn Battuta set alone on a hajj, in other words pilgrimage to Mecca.... [tags: travel, mall, dangers]
806 words (2.3 pages)
- ... The migrants proposed that Abu Bakr be chosen as caliph and although the prophet did not point at him and say that it was he to lead the people after his there were more than one reason that to chose him. First Abu Bakr was very close the prophet as a friend and he was among the first people to accept Islam. Second, when the prophet was ill he named Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayers and called him Imam (leader of prayer). There was also a third person who was a nominee for caliph and that was Ali ibn Abu Talib and his supporters said that he was a candidate because he was the son in law of the prophet as he was married to Fatima his daughter and he was the first child to embrace Isl... [tags: Islam, religious beliefs]
2217 words (6.3 pages)
- This book is a very important primary source for historians because it contains the only primary source concerning the Vikings before they converted to Islam, and many other accounts of important information including Viking raids. The book shows how the Eastern Vikings lived and how the Muslim world interacted with them. It also gives insight into the state of Islam in the tenth through twelfth century. Almost all of the information is this book is relevant to historians and the eye witness accounts are very useful concerning the people and places in this time period.... [tags: Vikings, primary source for historians]
1182 words (3.4 pages)
- Imam Abu Hanifah (ra) The book Qamoos al-alam states: Al-Imam al-azam Abu Hanifa's name was Numan. His father's name was Thabit. His grandfather's name was Numan, too. He was the first of the four great imams of the Ahl as-Sunnah Wal Jama'ah. 'Imam' means 'profoundly learned scholar.' He was one of the main pillars of the brilliant religion of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam). He was a descendant of a Persian notable. His grandfather had embraced Islam. He was born in Kufa in 80 (698 A.D.).... [tags: Papers]
2458 words (7 pages)
- Muhammad Ibn Abdullah: Good or Bad. You Decide Many centuries ago, a very significant event in the Muslim tradition occurred. More specifically, this occasion occurred in the later part of the mid sixth century. In about the year 570 AD, Muhammad ibn Abdullah was born in Mecca. Just six weeks before his birth, his father had passed away. He continued to live in Mecca where he was cared for by his foster mother; a Bedouin woman named Halimah. Unfortunately, she died when Muhammad was only six years old.... [tags: History]
1725 words (4.9 pages)