Essay about Absolute Monarchy in Different Empires Throughout History

Essay about Absolute Monarchy in Different Empires Throughout History

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Absolute monarchs ruled though the policy of absolutism. Absolutism declared that the king ruled though divine right with a legitimate claim to sole and uncontested authority (French State Building and Louis XIV). On this basis, Louis XIV of France and Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire were both absolute monarchs. Each ruler believed that his power belonged to him and him alone due to divine right. They showed their absolute power by living lavishly, increased their power by waging wars, and kept their power by ensuring complete loyalty of their subjects.
Suleiman and Louis ruled absolutely by assuring they had all the power for themselves. Suleiman believed that the entire world was a gift to him from God (Hooker). When Suleiman heard a rumor that his son Mustafa may be plotting to over throw him, he had his son and grandson assassinated. Suleiman did not allow any defiance in his empire. He demanded that every subject proclaim their loyalty. Those who were too slow to proclaim their loyalty were declared his enemies; he even went as far as killing three rebels with his own hands (02/04. Discovery). Louis also believed that his kingship was due to the divine because he believed himself to be appointed by God (The Rise and Fall of Versailles). Since Louis did not want to share his power, he fired the current chief minister and appointed himself to the position (Steingrad). No one could tell him what to do because he was the only power in the realm (The Rise and Fall of Versailles).
Monarchs often displayed their power by commissioning buildings and monuments. Louis and Suleiman were no exceptions. Louis had one of the greatest palaces in the world build in the middle of a swamp. This showed his absolute power because no builder ...

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...4 May 2013. Web. 26 Mar. 2014. .
Hooker, Richard. "Suleyman." Jewishvirtuallibrary. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014. .
Steingrad, Elena. "Biography." Louis XIV. N.p., 26 Nov. 2007. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. .
Strayer, Robert W. An Outsider's View of Suleiman I. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources. 2nd ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2013. 655-57. Print.
Strayer, Robert W. French State Building and Louis XIV. Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources. 2nd ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2013. 657-58. Print.
The Rise and Fall of Versailles (Part 1 of 3). N.d. YouTube. YouTube, 14 July 2013. Web. 26 Mar. 2014. .

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