Evaluating decisions in terms of their morality is a complex, dense, and often times, problematic task. Utilitarianism, in which the end goal of a decision is to maximize utility, attempts to justify the morality of actions that are not always fitting to many moral standards or beliefs, but qualify because they have an end goal of maximizing one or a community’s happiness. However, the plausibility of utilitarianism is weak primarily because the model of morals which utilitarian’s follow often creates a lack of trust, which defeats the beginning purpose of utilitarianism. Furthermore, it lacks plausibility due to the fact that it is too impartial in situations that require one to make a decision in which the options cannot be held equally. Different forms of utilitarianism attempt to compensate for these objections, but in doing so either do not fully overcome them or move away for their utilitarian origins in order to do so. This is proven through examples of situations in which a utilitarian fails to do things commonly associated with being moral such as fulfilling death wishes, and through multiple questions that utilitarianism can simply not seem to answer.
Trust between humans is certainly one of the most powerful forms of dependency that exists. Often times, trust is used as a means to fulfill wishes or keep promises. As a utilitarian, one realizes that others want the peace of mind of knowing that their wishes will be fulfilled and promises kept more than anything. Because of this, the utilitarian simply gives that person the piece of mind they are in search of and then instead performs an action that increases their own utility. For example, if someone has an extremely ill relative wh...
... middle of paper ...
...are needed for ones happiness to be considered, meaning does the theory consider the happiness of babies or animals that are harder to communicate with in relation to emotions? Another issue with utilitarianism is the factor of accountability. If an action is chosen and unaccounted consequences occur, how far back does the chain of accountability go? Because of this, there is no clear solution in utilitarianism because often times, unexpected consequences do occur in which someone is needed to be held accountable for.
These arguments are not to say that that there is a problem with every cost-benefit analysis when it comes to morality because there has to be some way to decide between one action and another. That being said, however, utilitarianism simply has too many undetermined and unclear issues with their set of beliefs and processes for making decisions.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In this essay, I will talk about the theory of classical utilitarianism. My objection will be about how classical utilitarianism ignores justice and moral rights, and I will argue how this can undermine the theory. I will then discuss how this theory cannot be saved from this objection. Classical utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism where actions are judged only by the consequences of the action (act based). According to Hodgson (1967), the act is only right if it was to have the best consequences for any alternative acts open to you.... [tags: utilitarialism,moral rights,consequentialism]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- It’s only second nature to ask oneself, “What is the right thing to do?” simply for the reason that it is the foundation to making a moral decision. As a society we have to make these decisions because they are vital to living in an indefectible world. I will attest that classical utilitarianism is the most logical moral theory for the sake of the greater good being the only intrinsically valuable thing because it supplies us with the most opportunities to improve welfare. Classical utilitarianism belongs to the family of moral theories called consequentialism.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Morality, Ethics, Consequentialism]
959 words (2.7 pages)
- The role of the father, a male figure in a child’s life is a very crucial role that has been diminishing over the years. An absent father can be defined in two ways; the father is physically not present, or the father is physically present, but emotionally present. To an adolescent, a father is an idolized figure, someone they look up to (Feud, 1921), thus when such a figure is an absent one, it can and will negatively affect a child’s development. Many of the problems we face in society today, such as crime and delinquency, poor academic achievement, divorce, drug use, early pregnancy and sexual activity can be attributed to fathers being absent during adolescent development (Popenoe, 1996;... [tags: Social Issues, Divorce, Absent Parent]
1894 words (5.4 pages)
- I was born to a teenage mother where physical abuse between my mother and father had been present. Though my mother had been caring and loving towards me, eventually my father had become absent because he desired to be with a family he created during my parent’s marriage. By the time I was five-years-old he had become completely absent from my life. Due to the witnessing of the abuse my father had done to my mother, I had become a child who could not count on others being kind or caring in my life which caused me to become weary of others around me.... [tags: childhood lifestyle, abuse, absent parent]
1820 words (5.2 pages)
- What is trust. According to Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary, trust is an assumed reliance or the character, ability, and strength of someone or something. My definition of trust is someone who can do something without being checked up on or being able to depend on someone. The focus of this essay will be trust. I will go in depth on trust at home, school and trust in general. Follow me on this journey as I explain why trust is needed and how it betters your character. Let’s begin… Trust is needed everywhere you go.... [tags: Trust]
416 words (1.2 pages)
- Utilitarianism is a moral theory that states that an action is considered right as long as it promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. This theory was first proposed by Jeremy Bentham and later was refined by J.S Mill. Mill differs from Bentham by introducing a qualitative view on pleasure and makes a distinction between act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. John Hospers critiques utilitarianism and shows that rule utilitarianism under more specific and stricter rules would promote utility better.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, Jeremy Bentham]
1570 words (4.5 pages)
- The author J.J.C Smart writes about utilitarianism. He talks about two different types one is extreme utilitarianism and the other is restricted utilitarianism. The first one is called Extreme utilitarianism which is an action that gives you the greatest amount of happiness, for the most amounts of people is the right action, no matter what the moral rule is. On the other hand restricted utilitarianism on the other hand, seeks to find an action that creates the greatest amount of happiness to the most people.... [tags: Morality, Utilitarianism, Animal rights, Human]
722 words (2.1 pages)
- Throughout this essay, when describing defensible utilitarianism, it will refer to the term defensible as defined in the Oxford English Dictionary (2011), because this version is typically understood by all academics studying under the British English language. The term utilitarianism is supported on the basis of morals and acts which can be deemed either right or wrong (Concise Oxford English Dictionary, 2011). The purpose of this essay will be to identify the advantages and disadvantages of utilitarianism, with consideration of morally right acts and morally wrong acts.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Human, Utilitarianism]
1667 words (4.8 pages)
- The social contract theory of John Rawls challenges utilitarianism by pointing out the impracticality of the theory. Mainly, in a society of utilitarians, a citizens rights could be completely ignored if injustice to this one citizen would benefit the rest of society. Rawls believes that a social contract theory, similar those proposed by Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, would be a more logical solution to the question of fairness in any government. Social contract theory in general and including the views of Rawls, is such that in a situation where a society is established of people who are self interested, rational, and equal, the rules of justice are established by what is mutually acc... [tags: Rawls Utilitarinism Philosophy Essays]
2028 words (5.8 pages)
- This essay will present the key features of Utilitarianism and identify the problems of Utilitarianism to the extent to which they make Utilitarianism unacceptable. Jeremy Bentham founded Utilitarianism. He lived at a time of great change. With revolutions in France and America, demands were being made for human rights and greater democracy. Bentham worked on legal reform. Utilitarianism is associated with the principle of utility. Utility means the amount of satisfaction or pleasure that somebody gains from consuming a commodity, product, or service, i.e.; useful.... [tags: criticisms of utilitarianism]
1212 words (3.5 pages)