Partly influenced by his wish to impress his father, Maslow tried to become a lawyer. However he felt legal studies did not suit him and he soon shifted to study psychology. He found mentors in the noted psychologists Alfred Adler, Max Wertheimer, and the anthropologist Ruth Benedict who deeply influenced his thinking. Maslow attended the University of Wisconsin in 1928. There he acquired his BA in 1930, his MA in 1931, and his PhD in 1934. On December 31, 1928, Abraham Maslow married Bertha Goodman, his longtime sweetheart and first cousin. He was 20 years old while Bertha was 19 at the time. The couple had two daughters, Ann and Ellen. Maslow had a history of heart problems and suffered a major heart attack in 1967. Three years later, in 1970 he had another heart attack and died
In 1943, Maslow developed the Hierarchy of Needs. He believed that these needs were the source of our motivation–what makes us live. It states that a person must satisfy each need in turn, starting with the first, which deals with the most obvious needs for survival itself.
Physiological needs, the most basic needs, and the physical requirements for human survival. Air, water, and food are required for your body to function. Clothing, shelter, and medical care are necessary to keep that body healthy.
Once the psychological needs have been met, the safety needs follow. There are different kinds of sa...
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...responsiveness; intake and elimination of fluid to assess nutritional status.
Safety and security: Involve both physical and mental, being protected from potential and actual harm, explaining new and unfamiliar procedures, treatments, and risks.
Love and belonging: Establish a nurse patient relationship, include family in the care of patient, referring patient to specific support group.
Self-esteem needs: Respecting patient’s values and beliefs; body image can affect self-image, encouraging patients to set realistic goals.
Self-actualization: Acceptance of self and others, ability to discriminate between good and evil, uses creativity and pursuing interest required. Nursing is concerned with helping clients meet their physical and psychological needs. Much of nursing deals with assisting clients to meet basic physiologic needs that they cannot meet independently.
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