Abraham Maslow on Self-Actualization, Motivation and Humanistic Theory

Abraham Maslow on Self-Actualization, Motivation and Humanistic Theory

Length: 2427 words (6.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

“Musicians must make music, artists must paint, and poets must write if they are to be ultimately at peace with themselves. What human beings can be, they must be. They must be true to their own nature. This need we may call self-actualization” Abraham Maslow. http://toolstolife.com/articles/Abraham-Maslow-s-Self-Actualizer-380

Self- Actualization rests at the pinnacle of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Before reaching that pinnacle, the human being rises through the various strata of motivation beginning with the basic needs to survive. But does everyone reach that pinnacle? We will find that only a few who have paddled through the various strata will ultimately succeed in negotiating the entire hierarchy of needs. Some people, such as those ravaged by famine in a poor country, without the means to get beyond the next meal may never reach Maslow’s self-actualisation or transcendence. However, no one theory will fully explain human motivation, there are limitations associated with each theory.
Accordingly, in this essay, for a comparative and critical analysis, I will explore the Motivation theory of Maslow and the theory of Gordon Allport. Allport was considered to be the founding fathers of personality psychology, his works focusing on the human being who is identified by a series of traits, cardinal traits, central and secondary.
Accordingly, for the purpose of this essay I will focus on two schools of personality psychology, the Humanistic school of thought on motivation and Trait Psychology. I will compare and contrast the two theories to determine how they connected and find that there are subtle differences between them. Before I begin my analysis, it will be necessary to explore the definition of human motivation t...

... middle of paper ...

...population of impoverished populations and the fact that Gordon Allport’s studies were limited and constantly scrutinised as he never developed an empirically testable platform, it can be postulated that both theories provide a framework for understanding motivation in the human being, but neither provides a complete analysis or prototype. All the psychological theories built on the preceding psychologists’ views and research.
Going forward, it is recommended to take the positive aspects of all the theories of motivation and adopt what works. In terms of expanding the studies on motivation one must consider other theorists such as Carl Rogers in a humanistic approach and as previously mentioned, trait theorists such as Raymond Cattel and Hans Eysenk to establish a more scientific and accurate results in measuring motivation and testing personality differences.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Abraham Maslow 's Self Actualization Essays

- Abraham Maslow defines self-actualization as “the desire of self-fulfillment”. In my opinion, all humans encounter and struggle with the notion of trying to achieve self-actualization through their entire lives. Through reading the beginning of the article, it described that humans are inherently active and inclined towards inner organization. It describes that through society, humans can be provided with the experiences, ideas and conditions necessary for that individual to flourish and reach their full human potential....   [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Autonomy]

Better Essays
742 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Self Actualization Needs : Companies

- Self-actualization needs: Companies are finding several methods to fulfill this need. One is Educational assistance programs that encourage employees to enroll in classes and courses related to their job roles, providing the employee personal and professional growth. Also, companies with well-educated employees, reap the benefits by employees armed with new skills. Another method is to allow employees paid time off so as to entertain lifelong goals or involvement in a humanitarian cause. The result, a refreshment of the mind and body creating a renewed energy....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Motivation]

Better Essays
1437 words (4.1 pages)

Self Determination Theory And Actualization Essay

- The concept of self is determined and actualized by the development of one’s psychological basic needs being met and living up to the potential that is both individually and universally defined. Self Determination Theory and Actualization of Human Potential and Education for Self Actualization both discuss the theories of determination and actualization in human development and its necessity to living a psychologically healthy life. The needs to fully develop one’s self are a key aspect in a successful life....   [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]

Better Essays
1063 words (3 pages)

Maslow 's Theory Of Motivation Essay

- Motivation is a meaning which has many definitions arising from the differen thinking of the individual. Each person perceives and understands the motivation differently. Some people argue that, motivation is the main driver for achieving objectives, led by their own thoughts, feelings and emotions. It is defined also as a process of voluntary decision of the individual for a certain deliberate action or inaction in a particular situation. Attention on the motivation of people paying the American psychologist Abraham Maslow, who claims that motivation is a goal which gives meaning and rationalization of life....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Motivation]

Better Essays
1610 words (4.6 pages)

Motivation And Motivation For A Business Essay

- Motivation, simply put, is a person’s desire or willingness to do something. We all have motivation to do things at some level but the ability to affect another person’s motivation is one of the things that separates good leaders from poor ones. Increasing motivation in employees increases their output and makes companies more profitable. The other side of that is decreasing motivation and that can have dire consequences for a business. Each of us has in internal desire to do things. That desire is our motivation....   [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]

Better Essays
903 words (2.6 pages)

Motivation Theories : Maslow, Herzberg, And Mcclelland Essay

- Motivation Theories: Maslow, Herzberg, Alderfer, and McClelland While Maslow’s Human Motivation Theory has been highly influential in motivating individuals in a variety of settings, several other theorists have increased understanding of human motivation as it relates to behavior and performance, especially in the workplace. Theories proposed by Maslow, Herzberg, Alderfer and McClelland have been adopted in a variety of settings to help employers better understand the needs and motivators that drive performance....   [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]

Better Essays
1050 words (3 pages)

Essay about Maslow 's Theory Of Human Motivation

- Abraham Maslow’s “A Theory of Human Motivation” published in 1943 introduces the idea that humans are motivated internally to achieve certain needs. His hierarchy of needs begins with humans meeting their physiological or basic needs. Those basic needs motivate people when they are unmet such as hunger, thirst, sleep, air and shelter. Once these needs are met and satisfied, then the person is motivated to reach the second need of safety. Safety needs include security especially in children and a sense of routine that is familiar....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Motivation]

Better Essays
704 words (2 pages)

Maslow 's Theory Of Human Motivation Essay

- Abraham Maslow presented The Theory of Human Motivation in 1943. His research was met with enthusiasm and dominated the field of Psychology and parallel disciplines for many years. Today we are still influenced by the impact of Maslow’s work which is still considered important. It has been intellectualized and reinvented to address many aspects within the Humanities, Social Science, and Natural Science. This paper will discuss Maslow’s Theory of Human Motivation and parallel work of contemporary researchers who have utilized his concept of a hierarchy of needs to address their theories....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Motivation]

Better Essays
2016 words (5.8 pages)

Essay on Maslow 's Theory Of Motivation

- Have you ever thought about how people become motivated to do things. Maybe you even wonder what motivation really is. Motivation is the desire to do things. Motivation creates a drive that pushes a person close to their breaking point and beyond. It helps an individual reach goals that some couldn’t even imagine of doing. But have you ever truly thought about what motivates people. What really gives people that drive. What empowers people to reach their aspirations. If so you are not alone, a ton of people has thought about what it is the gives people such a drive....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology]

Better Essays
704 words (2 pages)

The Impact Of Maslow 's Theory On Motivation Essay

- This essay will be discussing and analysing events that occurred throughout my life. Emphasis will be on my psychological, physiological, social, and spiritual experiences (inclusive to both positive and negative experiences); cultural interaction and understanding; and resilience, healing and personal agency. By collating the analyses, I will be able to reflect on how these experiences and factors affect and shape who I am today. These factors will be addressed through the application of Maslow’s theory on motivation, in particular his ‘hierarchy of needs’ model; Durkhiem’s ‘suicide’ theory of social cohesion and regulation; and the Maori holistic health model known as ‘Te Whare Tapa Wha’....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology]

Better Essays
1643 words (4.7 pages)