Abraham Lincoln: Life, Presidency, and Achievements

Abraham Lincoln: Life, Presidency, and Achievements

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Abraham Lincoln: Life, Presidency, and Achievements
Abraham Lincoln, from the backwoods of Hodgenville Kentucky, rose to become one of the greatest presidents of the United States. During his attempt to keep the Union in the Civil War, he gained more power and authority than any president before him. He was an excellent politician, and was always looked upon for leadership because he put reason and thoughtful decisions behind his word.

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809. He was conceived in a log cabin built by his father, Thomas Lincoln. His mothers name was Nancy Hanks Lincoln. Abraham had one older sister, and a younger brother that died as an infant. The Lincoln family moved a lot, from Kentucky to Indiana, and back to Kentucky. He never had any sort of formal education. He read two books that truly left a lasting impression on his life; Mason Locke Weem's Life and Memorable Actions of George Washington—these books inspired him and motivated him throughout his life.By the time he was nineteen Abe reached his full grown height of six feet four inches. He held small jobs such as a clerk, postmaster and a few others through his early twenties. Then in 1832 he ran for county candidate in Illinois against 13 others. Only four were to be elected and Lincoln finished eighth. In 1834 he ran for a representative to the Illinois legislature, and by that time Lincoln he was well known and he won the election, and on December 1 he finally took his seat in the state government of Vandalia.

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He was a part of the Whig Party and the Republican Party.

Abe began to study law, and in 1836 became a licensed attorney. In 1837 he made his first public stand against slavery. Lincoln avoided extreme abolitionist groups and he was greatly against slavery.

On November 4, 1842 Lincoln married Mary Todd, whom he spent the rest of his life with. He became a United States Congressman, although he was an amateur, his goal was to make his mark. What might have made him fulfill this goal was the fact that he never lost confidence in himself. In 1849, he failed to be appointed commissioner of the General Land Office, and he returned to a full time practice in Springfield as his term in the House of Representatives had expired. He was then admitted to practice law before the United States Supreme Court.
In 1953, Lincoln was nominated by the Republicans to run for U.S. Senate against Stephen Douglass. Lincoln and Douglas engaged in a series of 7 debates. Douglas won the election and soon after Lincoln was nominated for President at the Republican National Convention in Chicago. He was soon after elected President, winning over three other opponents. At the end of his term, he was re-elected to serve another term.

Years went by and Abraham could not stand slavery anymore, he was elected by the republican party to do something about it. On March 4, 1861, Lincoln was sworn in as president of the United States of America at his first inaugural address. Soon after, the Civil War began and Abe had to take on a problem that was more severe than any preceding president. During his second year in office, on April 16, 1862, Lincoln finally signed a bill that abolished slavery throughout the region. On November 19, 1863, Lincoln was called to deliver a speech at the battle sight in Gettysburg. Although Lincoln's speech was short, it was definitely a masterpiece. It motivated and inspired many of the courageous troops to fight and win the battle, which was soon followed by a victory at Vicksburg. Another extreme event that he contributed to the history of the Civil War, was the Emancipation Proclamation. In July 1862, he issued a military order in which all slaves living in areas still rebelling against the United States would be free. He assured his cabinet that the Emancipation Proclamation would only apply to states that belonged to the Confederacy, rather than those under Union control; He did so in order to quiet constitutional concerns. That was a major cause of the Civil War. Lincoln was always breaking an assortment of laws and would ignore one constitutional provision after another; However, they always turned to be good ideas in the long run.

On April 14, 1865, a man by the name of John Wilkes Booth planned to assassinate Lincoln. Abe was at Ford's theater in Washington watching Our American Cousin. Booth made his way to the box where Abe was seated, around ten- thirty p.m. He put a pistol to Lincoln's head a fired once, Abe's body fell in his seat, and screams rang out "Lincoln is Dead." That night as his wife stood by him, the doctors struggled to save Lincoln's life. The very next morning, April 15,1865 Abraham Lincoln died, and a few hours later Vice President Andrew Jackson was sworn in as the seventeenth president of the United States.

Of all of the presidents of the United States, the most information seems to be written about Abraham Lincoln. Although many sever evaluations were done on his life, it did not in any way lessen his prestige, and he still is looked upon as a great speaker, leader and a person that made a lasting impression on the United States of America. He is also thought to be the country's greatest leader of all times. His greatest accomplishment was his preservation of the Union through the long, difficult Civil War. His greatest characteristic is thought to be his ability to energize and mobilize the nation by appealing to its best ideals while acting "with malice towards none" in the pursuit of a more perfect, more equal, and more enduring Union.
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