Abraham is the uniting figure between the three religions, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. But while he is the common thread between them, there are major differences between the way he is portrayed in each of the religions. Different parts of his story are emphasized, left out, or added in depending on which religious texts you look at between the religions, and these lend insight into the way that each religion views Abraham, his purpose, and his relationship with God. In the Holy Quran, Abraham’s story has a huge emphasis on preaching and spreading his religion to pagans which is lacking in Christianity, but Abraham is still the perfect example of a devout and faithful follower in all of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. Furthermore, the three religions share the theme of God having ultimate power over everything, and Christianity and Judaism have a much bigger focus on God showing mercy and being generous to Abraham and his family than there is in the Holy Quran.
The Islamic faith’s view of Abraham focuses much more on Abraham’s actions to bring more people into his newfound faith in God, and how he tries to convert and open the eyes of the pagans around him. The best example of this is when he is conversing with his father on the differences between their view on religion, “He said to his father, ‘Father, why do you worship something that can neither hear nor see nor benefit you in any way? Father, knowledge that has not reached you has come to me, so follow me: I will guide you to an even path. Father, do not worship Satan…” [HQ 19:42-44]. Abraham is strong in his belief in the one Lord, and nothing can waver him, not even the fact that he is surrounded by people who’s beliefs are so different. In the face of being alo...
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...led out to him, ‘Abraham, 105 you have fulfilled the dream.’ This is how We reward those who do good.” [HQ 37:103-105].
Abraham in the three religions of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam is one of the most important common figures between them. His story, while different in certain aspects, is similar enough to have been given as a uniting name to all three. Throughout Abraham’s story, the theme of Abraham preaching to the non-believers in prevalent, but only in the Holy Quran. The common theme of Abraham being devout and faithful to the Lord, as well as the idea that God has the ultimate power over everything, and can execute his will no matter how impossible it may seem, are common between all three of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. God’s generosity and mercy, however, are much more prevalent in Christianity and Judaism, than it is in Islam’s story of Abraham.
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