The most commonly argued point when determining the morality of abortion is that of personhood of the fetus. A question frequently asked is “At what point does an embryo or fetus become a person?” Pro-Life groups will tell you that personhood begins at conception, whereas the majority of Pro-Choice groups will say that the ability to survive outside of the womb is necessary to be a human being. However, to answer the question on the morality of abortion, several other points have been made that disregard the question of personhood altogether, which will be further discussed here.
The Pro-Life opinion for the most part entails the belief that “human personhood begins at conception and a fertilized ovum or fetus has the right to full moral and legal rights of personhood.” (Abortion Debate). With such rights, to kill by abortion is considered murder. Don Marquis avoids the personhood debate and puts forth the notion that abortion is immoral based on the “future like ours” defense. Marquis places an emphasis on the value of the future to explain why abortion is immoral, claiming that a fetus has the same future as an adult person and as that of a young child. He argues that if it then is morally wrong to kill an adult or young child, then it is also wrong to kill a fetus. Marquis uses the same argument to then justify the use of euthanasia by claiming that there may not be value in the future for the individual. He denies the notion that this argument may then consider contraceptives to be wrong as well by arguing that there are too many possible combinations of ovum and sperm to be able to identify a “subject of the loss in the case of cont...
... middle of paper ...
...ould have the right to make that moral decision to proceed with an abortion. I do not feel that any other person should be able to force a woman to grow a fetus to full term and birth it as an infant. The option of adoption is irrelevant in my opinion as that is not an option until a baby has been born. A woman does not have the option to give her fetus to another person for them to continue development until birth. The fetus is entirely dependent on the woman to make the choice to grow a fetus. I conclude with a statement made by Jeffrey Nall, ‘The time has come to honor the greatness and awe-inspiring character of generating and choosing to birth new life; the time has come to see through a patriarchal haze that warps human relations—with others and the natural world, and fully honor the right of pregnant women to determine how to conduct their pregnancies.” (Nall)
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Many people are against abortions because it is immoral, however, many fetuses have gone through this horrible procedure. In the 14th amendment, it states that a woman has the right to determine whether or not to bear a child. Abortion isn’t the only answer to get rid of a “problem” that happened. People have to think that adoption is always an option for a couple or even a single mother. The fetus has human characteristics and is just like a human being. Somebody has to speak up for the fetus’s since they don’t have a voice or opinion in today’s society.... [tags: Pregnancy, Abortion, Childbirth, Human]
2246 words (6.4 pages)
- What is abortion. Abortion is clearly defined as the termination of a human pregnancy. This procedure is most often performed within the first 28 weeks of the pregnancy cycle. Abortion can be looked at as wrong, morally and lawfully, in many perspectives of persons in today’s society. However, The abortion procedure is moral until proof shines through. Abortion is not a murder, it is ruled constitutional, and it is typically a woman’s choice whether to bring her pregnancy to term or not. Therefore, the proof of abortion being unethical lacks.... [tags: pro-choice, ethics, politics]
874 words (2.5 pages)
- For centuries society has placed their own opinions on the topic of abortion. Some claim to be Pro Choice, and believe that the decision should lie only in the hands of the woman carrying the child. Others are Pro Life, and say that abortion is unethical and is considered as a form of homicide. All depending on one’s human dignity, the argument differs. Human dignity is the sense of self-worth and self-respect that one inhabits. With this being said, the way one feels about themselves as a human-being, as well as other human-beings, has an effect on one’s outlook on abortion.... [tags: Argument Against Abortion]
1514 words (4.3 pages)
- Since the 1973 Roe v. Wade supreme court case, Abortion has become a frequently discussed topic amongst people. Abortion is the intentional termination of pregnancy, typically it is done early in the pregnancy, but it has occasionally been done late term, though in those cases they are more for the safety of the mother. There are many different views on Abortion and the question of its morality, though there are three philosophers who able to eloquently express some of those views. Those philosophers being Don Marquis, who believes that abortions are immoral and should be illegal, Judith Jarvis Thomson who agrees with Marquis that the fetus has some rights, but also says that the rights of... [tags: Abortion, Pregnancy, Religion, Abortion debate]
994 words (2.8 pages)
- “Is abortion moral or immoral?” We yet have not acquired an answer to this question. Infer by that, we defend about the nature and the moral status of the fetus. In the other word, should we or should we not. Don Marquis as well as Bonnie Steinbock embraces with the argument of their own, which point out the morality of abortion. Don Marquis upholds the fact of since abortion deprives the fetus of a future like ours therefore most abortion is morally wrong. He adheres in his article “abortion is, except possibly in rare cases, seriously immoral”, what he meant was that not all abortions are wrong.... [tags: Abortion Essays]
1123 words (3.2 pages)
- Why Abortion is Immoral by Don Marquis is an essay that claims that abortion is morally wrong, and uses one argument in particular to explain why. He argues that many of us would agree that it is wrong to kill a human, and if you believe that then you should also have that view on abortions. If you think killing is wrong then you think all killing is wrong and the persons biological state, whether it is when a person is a fetus, one years old, or thirty years old, makes no difference. He then explains that killing is wrong not only because it is immoral, but wrong because it deprives the victim of life and the enjoyments one would have otherwise experienced; which Marquis believes is the gr... [tags: fetus, sperm, ovum]
1273 words (3.6 pages)
- Abortion is Immoral " If you wish to uphold basic human justice, you must do so for everyone- not just selectively for the people that your side, your culture, your nation designates as OK." Edward Said The basic beliefs of Pro-life defendants Human rights for human beings: Pro-lifers believe that human beings have right since they are alive. Medical research proves that the fetus is a living organism from the moment of conception (Gargaro). During conception, a sperm with 23 chromosomes joins an egg with 23 chromosomes, forming a 46-chromosome cell with all the genetic code (DNA) for a distinct human being.... [tags: Papers]
940 words (2.7 pages)
- The right to life The article A Defense of Abortion written by Judith Thomson and the article Why Abortion is Immoral by Don Marquis deal with the arguments of whether abortion is moral, immoral, justified or not. The author Don Marquis wants to prove that abortion is immoral without taking into consideration extreme cases, while Thomson says that abortion is justified in some cases. The latter supports her arguments by saying that abortion is justified in cases such as rape and when the mother’s life, which is the most important here, is in danger.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Abortion, Human]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- In this paper, my aim is to argue that Don Marquis ' claim that abortions are immoral is flawed due to the objection of contraception. Marquis ' argument is built around the idea that morality on killing a human being is not based on taking away the victim 's life but rather through taking away their valuable future. "The category that is morally central to this analysis is the category of having a valuable future like ours; it is not the category of personhood"( Marquis, 192). He elaborates on this notion by reasoning that, except in extreme circumstances, killing an adult human is morally wrong because "killing inflicts (one of) the greatest possible losses on the victim...The change in b... [tags: Morality, Human, Sperm, Fertility]
1045 words (3 pages)
- Abortion is Murder and Immoral In Americas Society Abortion is a topic that most people rather not face. More and more abortions occur everyday, causing potential lives to be terminated due to irresponsible sexual activity among adults and teens. Abortions cheats the unborn child of his or hers existence and unknown experiences to come. Abortions are quick escape goats for irresponsible individuals and cause pain, suffering, and death. I t is against the law and immoral to kill another human being, and by terminating a fetus you are performing another act of killing.... [tags: Papers]
1335 words (3.8 pages)