Many contraceptive methods have been developed overtime including the barrier method, hormonal method, intrauterine method, and the sterilization method, according to Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The barrier methods, also known as male condoms, female condoms and diaphragms are all designed to prevent sperm from entering the uterus (nichd.nih.gov).
The hormonal methods of birth control regulate or stop periods and prevent pregnancy (nichd.nih.gov). The hormones used for this type of contraception can be absorbed into the body by using pills, injections, skin patches, transdermal gels, vaginal rings, intrauterine systems and implantable rods (nichd.nih.gov). These pills can prevent ovulation by thickening the cervical mucus which helps block sperm from connecting with the egg and the pills can also thin the uterus making it more hard for the fertilized egg to attach. The way your body responds to the contraceptive depends on the type of hormone that is absorbed into your body (nichd.nih.gov).
There are two different types of intrauterine methods, the copper IUD and the hormonal IUD. The copper IUD is inserted into the uterus and can remain there for many years...
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nichd.nih.gov. "What are the different types of contraception?" Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, November 30, 2012. Web. (Dec 4) http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/contraception/conditioninfo/Pages/types.aspx#hor monal
Saad, L. "Americans Still Split Along "Prochoice" and "Prolife" Lines" Gallup Politics. Gallup, May 14, 2011. Web. (Dec 4) http://www.gallup.com/poll/147734/americans-split-along- pro-choice-pro-life-lines.aspx
Pazol, K."Abortion Surveillance--United States", 2009. Abortion Surveillance--United States, 2009. November 23, 2012. Centers of Disease Control. Web. (Dec 4) http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss6108a1.htm?s_cid=ss6108a1_w
ushistory.org. "The Fight for Reproductive Rights." U.S. History Online Textbook, 2013. Web. (Dec 4) http://www.ushistory.org/us/57b.asp
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