happen. So many scholars over the years have come up with numerous theories in order
to categorize the things that are known and explanations of what it all means. Life is full
of trials and tribulations and those who study maladaptive behavior usually focus on the
thoughts, feelings, perceptions, and skills one uses during daily living.
Feelings, thoughts, perceptions and skills all combine to aid in creating our mental
states and lead to behavioral abnormalities. Thoughts are made up of ideas, concepts and
the internal dialogue a person has within their mind. Perceptions are how one interprets
incoming sensory signals through processing and organizing the information. Feelings
are simply subjective states including happiness or sadness. Skills are the basic
capabilities a person has including intelligence, memory, attention and language (Sarason
& Sarason, 2005, p.45).
Clinicians and researchers use both formal and informal theories to analyze and
explain behaviors, and to also aid in deciding how to treat each individual effectively.
There are currently six theoretical perspectives that are used quite prevalently today: the
biological perspective, the psychodynamic perspective, the behavioral perspective, the
cognitive perspective, the humanistic-existential perspective and the community-cultural
perspective (Sarason & Sarason, 2005, p.46).
The biological perspective revolves around the idea that a disturbance in the body
is responsible for every physical or behavioral disorder. The biological viewpoint also
assumes that all maladaptive behavior is caused by a disordered body part or function.
The biological perspective may also po...
... middle of paper ...
...ge, he was never going to mature and
change. Maybe today having lost the best person in his life who truly cared for him and
loved him deeply, he can see the err of his ways. In leaving him, I told him I only hoped
he had learned from his mistakes, too, and treated the next person to come along with
complete honesty and respect. Today I am in the most amazingly perfect relationship
with my soulmate and tell myself that perhaps I had to experience the absolute worst to
appreciate the best. I am lucky.
Nystul, Michael S. (2006). Introduction to counseling: an art and science perspective
(3rd Ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
Sarason & Sarason, (2005). Abnormal psychology, the problem of
maladaptive behavior (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall
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