Shot entirely from the interior of a car by cameras mounted on the dashboard, Ten records a series of private conversations between the driver and her passengers as they ride through the streets of Tehran. Each interaction is segmented into the film’s ten chapters whereby Kiarostami constructs an elliptical narrative centered on the driver, a newly remarried divorcee, as she questions her understanding of love relationships, morals, and personal fulfillment through the subsequent interactions with her son and the women she encounters.
Kiarostami’s unconventional cinematic techniques create an intimate mise-en-scène and improvisational atmosphere that provides a rare insight into the diverse experiences, perspectives and emotions of Middle Eastern women at various junctures in their lives and who represent a socioeconomic cross-section of Iranian society. From the bourgeois protagonist with feminist inclinations, her sister who is abandoned by her husband of seven years, the friend rejected by her fiancé, a piously devout elderly woman, and a prostitute, Ten illuminates the abundance of ways morals, relationships and the qualities of human nature are conceived in relation to the specific context from which those understandings are derived. Love relationships, religion, personal identity, and cultural values are not static but are constantly negotiated to address changing circumstances. Kiarostami thus highlights the dynamic features of Iranian society through the daily struggles of women in an Islamic culture and their latitude in determining their level of modesty, social mobility, and adherence to cultural restrictions.
While Ten contains references to the social and political regulations regarding the status of wome...
... middle of paper ...
...ransformations of Iranian society during the 1970s.This can be viewed as something akin to what James Gelvin referred to as the “cross-fertilization of ideas” used by Islamic modernists in the early twentieth century who argued that the incorporation of certain elements of Western culture and modernity could be reconciled with Islamic practice through the application of ijtihad. This tradition of cultural appropriation and reconceptualization to fit the ends determined by Iranians (other Middle Eastern societies) is thus a modern continuation of long-standing historical practices of adapting to broader international developments.
Mania Akbari, “Chapter 10,” Ten, directed by Abbas Kiarostami (2002: Tehran, Iran/France: Zeitgeist Films, 2003).
James L. Gelvin, “The Modern Middle East: A History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), 136-139.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The most meaningful lectures to me were about the Ten Commandments and how they make Jewish people better in their lives. The Ten Commandments were given to the Jewish people through Moses, from God at Mount Sinai. Since that day, the commandments have been very important to Jewish life. They can be found twice in the Torah. First in chapter twenty of the book of Exodus, and they are then again repeated in chapter five of the book of Deuteronomy. There are slight variations to these repetitions which concerns the fourth commandment, regarding the Shabbat.... [tags: Torah, Ten Commandments, Moses, Judaism]
984 words (2.8 pages)
- In today’s world, the internet, email, social media is second nature. To be truthful, I’m not sure if it would even be reasonable to imagine today’s generation being able to function in a world without it. The internet is fascinating and you have everything you want to know about or see, at your fingertips. However, it can also be a dangerous, scary, unpredictable place. That is why in 1992, the Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics was written. (The Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics, Computers Ethics Institute) We are living now where unfortunately, there is so much finger pointing, nobody can see eye to eye and we have somehow lost our love, compassion and respect for one another.... [tags: Ten Commandments, Moses, Ritual Decalogue]
876 words (2.5 pages)
- Ten Little Indians, published as And Then There Were None when it débuted in America brought a wonderful sense of mystery into the life of the American. Written by Agatha Christie, it was published in 1939 as a fiction murder mystery. The story is set on the coast of Devon, England during the thirties. Ten Little Indians is a classic murder mystery, which involves ten unsuspecting average people. While it seems that one of these people would be the main character, everyone is equally important in shaping the story.... [tags: Ten Little Indians]
688 words (2 pages)
- Do the Ten Commandments apply the world we live in today. Billy Graham put it this way “The Ten Commandments are just as valid today as when God gave them to Moses over 3,000 years ago. Jesus said, “I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law” (Matthew 5:18),” Billy Graham. Every passing day it seems christianity becomes more and more meaningless. Keeping the ten commandments is necessary for Christianity.... [tags: Ten Commandments, Moses, Torah, Ritual Decalogue]
854 words (2.4 pages)
- The Ten Commandments were engraved on two stone tablets. The first five commandments which were engraved in the first panel, handle the relationship of people with God; the second panel includes five commandments that deal with the relationship of people with their fellow men. The commandments are not a restrictive law of a tyrannically commanding God; it is a guide for our life. It follows an attempt deeper meaning of the Ten Commandments. Commandment #1) You shall have No Other Gods before Me The first commandment requires us to be religious.... [tags: Ten Commandments, Moses, Torah, Ritual Decalogue]
1286 words (3.7 pages)
- Diction in Disillusionment of Ten O' Clock What do you dream about. Do you dream of exciting adventures and think of colorful worlds. Wallace Stevens claims that sailors are the ones scattered throughout society who dream of these things. The author implies that this is his message through denotation, connotation, and his use of negative versus positive diction. The denotation in Stevens' poem displays his weariness of society's dull approach to life. When he begins talking about how, The houses are haunted by white night-gowns.... [tags: Ten O' Clock Essays]
543 words (1.6 pages)
- Changing Attitudes of Ferhat Abbas Introduction Ferhat Abbas believed in the peaceful solution and that the French are willing to co-operate with the Algerians. With this co-operation, he thought, it was possible for all to live together. He was brought up and thought to believe in democracy and parliament, to look for these in a peaceful fashion and that the people have to be asked what to do with their country and not to be terrorised to be convinced differently. However in the 1950's we can see a clear change, a turn in his thoughts.... [tags: essays research papers]
1808 words (5.2 pages)
- The Great Shah Abbas The Great Shah Abbas I reigned from 1588-1629. He was a ruler who relocated the capital from Saljuq to Isfahan, in the center of the country. This was his attempt to centralize political and religious authority, develop capital, and institute Safavid Iran as a world power, both economically and politically. Shah Abbas began his renovations with the transformation of the little Timurid palace into the Ali Qapu, or ‘sublime port’ an entrance to the royal gardens. Abbas made it his headquarters while his architects began the creation, under his direction and often under his personal supervision, of his new capital.... [tags: Isfahan Ali Qapu Interior Design Essays]
860 words (2.5 pages)
- Elie Wiesel’s Night and Corrie Ten Boom's The Hiding Place Many outsiders strive but fail to truly comprehend the haunting incident of World War II’s Holocaust. None but survivors and witnesses succeed to sense and live the timeless pain of the event which repossesses the core of human psyche. Elie Wiesel and Corrie Ten Boom are two of these survivors who, through their personal accounts, allow the reader to glimpse empathy within the soul and the heart. Elie Wiesel (1928- ), a journalist and Professor of Humanities at Boston University, is an author of 21 books.... [tags: Elie Wiesel Night Ten Boom The Hiding Place]
2850 words (8.1 pages)
- The Ten Commandments monument should be removed is because it was put there dishonestly. If the circumstances of this situation were different, in that case I would agree that the Ten Commandments monument should stay. Then I take into consideration how the monument ended up in the public courthouse, and I can see why it should be removed. Perhaps the monument should not go away where it will never be seen again, but taken to a place where it can be seen by anyone that wishes. At the beginning of this whole ordeal, I was right beside those who protested the removal of the monument.... [tags: essays research papers]
488 words (1.4 pages)