Socrates’ main backbone to this fictional city is the importance of education. In order too be truly just, you are to pursue what you are capable of doing. If you seek knowledge for ones self, you can distinct between good and evil. “One's nature is what is called the daimon- one's inner self that seeks to be fulfilled. Naturally the good is desired, because it fulfills one's nature, and Socrates states the pursuit of happiness is the ‘natural aim of life’(Davis).”
Socrates explains that the soul is broken into three elements: appetite, courage, and reason. What you love is where you will be placed in the organization of society. Appetite will breed the reproducers, courage the military, and justice the ‘Philosopher Kings’. Education would be open to all, including females, which was found to be quite radical at this time, for females status was that of a man’s ownership. In Socrates the ‘Philosopher Kings’ would rule, because they are only seeking knowledge, and ruling would not be to obsess power, but to balance good of all men.
Socrates lived during a democratic gove...
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...cted. There are many criticisms of Socrates‘ society, mainly on the totalitarian approach of leaving the power into the one group of people. Another criticism of his ideal society was his high standard for mathematics and order, that could also be confused with a communistic approach to society. But all and all, I believe Socrates was a very optimistic person in his conquest to argue the good nature of people, when given the correct tools or education.
-Davis, J. "Socrates: the Search of Justice." Rich East. Web. 13 Apr. 2011.
-Dunkle, Roger. "Plato's Republic." AbleMedia LLC - A Knowledge Company. Web. 13 Apr. 2011.
-Goldstein, Yael, Jesse Hawkes, and Lawrence Gaccon. Gladney. The Republic: Plato. New York: Spark Pub., 2002. Print.
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