In order to understand Rawls, one has to understand the theoretical concept of the original position. It lays the groundwork for Rawls’s argument by providing a foundation for society. Calling it a state where people reason without bias is a very general definition that does not at all fully explain all of the different aspects of the original position. The original position, according to Rawls, has to do with a social contract (Rawls 1971, 11). People agree to rules in society that are pursuant to their own general well being. However, they decide on these rules behind what Rawls calls a veil of ignorance. Behind this veil of ignor...
... middle of paper ...
... his principles of justice to evaluate such an inequality. If rights were not being infringed then he would immediately move on to the second principle criteria. In this scenario, if the workers were getting the greatest benefit then the inequality presented would be justified. For example, if the corporation were putting the increased profits into safer equipment for its workers, or providing insurance, compensation, etc. then it could be said that the inequality is justified. However, if the corporation were keeping it’s profits then the workers are least advantaged, but not getting the greatest benefit, so the inequality would be unjust in Rawls eyes. Allowing the inequality to continue would lead to instability in society and it would violate Rawls’s principles.
Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Belknap of Harvard UP, 1971. Print.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Justice, a concept that has been argued since the beginning of history, but what is justice. This idea has changed throughout time, whether that be an eye for an eye, leave no debt unpaid, or modern times, in which sentences are handed out in response to how horrific the crime was. Justice has forever been changing, and has taken many definitions, but John Rawls came to know it as this idea of fairness. This idea of fairness is center around an idea of cooperation and through this cooperation, which he further explains as, “Indeed a central element of the terms of cooperation is what Rawls terms “reciprocity”, involving evaluations of benefits and respect to publicly affirmed benchmark of “e... [tags: Political philosophy, John Rawls, Economics]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- “Each person has his or her own plan of life - what is good may vary. Right is set down in the social contract, the same for everyone”. Quote taken from the Chronicle of Higher Education in an article titled: "The Enduring Significance of John Rawls". John Rawls, a political philosopher around the 1950’s but was not well known until the 1970’s. John Rawls was highly recognized and studied at many established colleges such as Oxford, Cornell University where Rawls became a professional philosopher and Harvard.... [tags: Literary Analysis ]
1536 words (4.4 pages)
- Can the way that justice is depicted in popular culture affect the views of those that consume it. Many people form their notions of justice based on the messages that get portrayed in the media. Justice is often depicted in a way that is ambiguous. It is up to the observer to interpret what they are presented with. The injustice that is shown may have the potential to threaten the way people understand justice in the real world. News outlets depict crime is a sensational way that cause people to develop a negative view of the world.... [tags: Political philosophy, Justice, John Rawls]
1043 words (3 pages)
- In every society there are rules and regulations that are presented because they are necessary to the way that the society runs. This is accepted as the norm in many places due to the effectiveness and control that it offers to figures of authority. The theory that John Rawls is presenting as his “original position” is that the rules that are written into a societal contract should be unbiased among all the people. This seems like a reasonable thought, but when it comes to maintaining total impartiality, most people find that it is hard to set all personal matters and feelings aside.... [tags: John Rawls, ignorance, the unknown]
1913 words (5.5 pages)
- In John Rawls’ “Theory of Justice,” he describes important aspects of justice that are often times overlooked when trying to contain the controversy of justice. The main contribution that Rawls has to offer for equality and justice is his two principles of justice. The two principles of justice apply to the basic structure of society and govern rights and duties and attempt to help regulate the distribution of social and economic advantages. The first principle says that each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive scheme of equal basic liberties compatible with a similar scheme of liberties for others.... [tags: John Rawls, A Theory of Justice]
1229 words (3.5 pages)
- John Rawls’ Theory of Justice attempts to establish a fair and reasonable social account of social justice. To do this, he discusses two fundamental principles of justice, which if implemented into society, would guarantee a just and fair way of life. Rawls is mostly concerned with the social good (what is good and just), and his aim with the Theory of Justice is to provide a way that society could be one that is fair and just, while taking into consideration, a person’s primary goods (rights and liberties, opportunities, income and wealth, and the social bases of self-respect).... [tags: John Rawls, A Theory of Justice]
2303 words (6.6 pages)
- The Redistribution of holdings and wealth is a concept embraced by many advocates of socialism. Redistribution entails relocating wealth and resources from one group of citizens to another, usually via taxation. This paper will deeply examine the liberal argument for redistribution as well as the libertarian counterargument against the concept and will at last decide whether or not redistribution belongs within a just society. After examining the difference between liberals and libertarians the argument of philosopher John Rawls advocating in favor of redistribution will be presented followed by a corresponding libertarian counterargument.... [tags: Political philosophy, Liberalism, John Rawls]
1080 words (3.1 pages)
- With the issue of income inequality becoming more salient in present day politics, it has been argued that the United States is doing little to ensure equality of opportunity. Many economists today point to low levels of intergenerational social and economic mobility as evidence of these trends. Philosopher John Rawls’ second principle of justice states that inequalities can exist in society as long as they improve the general wellbeing of the least well off members of society. However, current inequalities in income and opportunities in the United States have been said to violate Rawls second principle of justice, because of their inability to provide the least well off members of society w... [tags: John Rawls, A Theory of Justice]
2144 words (6.1 pages)
- Introduction President John F. Kennedy introduced affirmative action programs to the United States in the early 1960s in effort to redress the history of systemic racial discrimination in the nation (Massey, 2004). As a world leader, the United States has an important influence over this issue, with numerous cases taken to the courts in recent decades. The original purpose of affirmative action programs was to pressure institutions into compliance with the equal rights mandate of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Massey, 2004).... [tags: racism, injustice, social issues]
2744 words (7.8 pages)
- John Rawls and Robert Nozick, in their writings, present their unique views on the conceived notion of a society and principles of social justice. Although their views are similar in some ways, they are also distinctly different. This difference is made clear as Rawls focuses on a scheme of basic rights, stressing a cooperative effort in society while Nozick focuses more on the individual’s right to property. In this paper I will explain both Rawls’s and Nozick’s conceptions of society and principles of social justice.... [tags: A Theory of Justice, John Rawls]
2148 words (6.1 pages)