A Systematic Process Of Gathering, Interpreting, And Reporting Information

A Systematic Process Of Gathering, Interpreting, And Reporting Information

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1. Research (McMillan, p.5)
Book Definition: “a systematic process of gathering, interpreting, and reporting information.”
Technical Definition in my words: a recognized and orderly manner of collecting data and organizing, analyzing and explaining the data so others can understand it and base decisions on it.
Example: The survey provided a voluminous amount of data that were analyzed and explained, ultimately adding to the body of research on teaching English to non-English speakers.
2. Quantitative (McMillan, p. 11)
Book Definition: “emphasizes numbers, measurements, deductive logic, control, and experiments. Studied objectively with the goal of obtaining a single true reality, emphasis on measurement”
Technical Definition in my words: something that is able to be measured and is used to estimate or predict additional measurements or events.
Example: The quantitative research provides evidence that there is a direct relationship between the number of hours 4th grade students spend practicing times tables and multiplication test scores.


3. Hypotheses (McMillan, p. 47)
Book Definition: “educated guesses or tentative expectations about a correct solution to a problem”
Technical Definition in my own words: an individual’s or group’s expected result of a research study.
Example: The hypothesis stated that adult ESOL students would learn more in a classroom that used group learning methods versus a classroom that was purely lecture based.
4. Participant (McMillan, p. 95)
Book Definition: “someone from who data are collected”
Technical Definition in my own words: Someone who provides data (either knowingly or unknowingly) for a research study that are also analyzed.
Example: The participants were asked to co...


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... data, interpretation of the data and the decisions made resulting from the interpretation of the data. How conclusions reached match up with the statistical and research rigor necessary to reach those conclusions.
Example: Tests such as the SAT have shown a lack of validity in predicting success at the college level for students with English as a Second Language.
12. Reliability (McMillan, p.137)
Book Definition: “consistency of scores” “the extent to which participants and/or rater scores are free from error”
Technical Definition in my own words: The ability to depend on data due to the consistent and accurate methods of collecting, measuring and reporting the data.
Example: The data collected by the United States Census Bureau are considered to have a high degree of reliability because of the consistent manner in which the data are collected and reported.

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