A Study On Type 1 Diabetes Essay

A Study On Type 1 Diabetes Essay

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Type 1 diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes, is a long-term (chronic) condition. It occurs when cells in the pancreas (islet cells) do not make enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates sugar (glucose) levels in the blood by moving glucose from the blood into tissue cells. Tissue cells can then use glucose to make energy.
In people with type 1 diabetes, there is not enough insulin in the body. This means that glucose cannot get into tissue cells, so glucose builds up in the blood. As a result of glucose buildup in the blood, high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) develops, and the body produces acid chemicals (ketones). This increases the acid levels in the body, which can be dangerous.
Type 1 diabetes most often develops before age 30, but it can develop at any age. Type 1 diabetes has previously been called juvenile diabetes. There is no cure for Type 1 diabetes, but it can be managed with treatment and lifestyle changes.

CAUSES
This condition is caused by cells in the pancreas not making enough insulin. This may be a result of:

In some cases, the reason why the pancreas does not produce insulin normally is not known.

RISK FACTORS
You may be more likely to develop this condition if:
• You have a family history of diabetes.


SYMPTOMS
Symptoms may develop gradually, over the course of days or weeks, or they may develop suddenly. Symptoms may include:
• Feeling thirstier than usual (polydipsia).
• Urinating more than usual (polyuria).
• Waking up from sleep to urinate during the night more than usual (nocturia).
• Weight loss. Weight loss may be sudden.
• Frequent infections that keep coming back (recurring).
• Feeling more tired than usual (fatigue).
• Weakness.
• Vision changes, su...


... middle of paper ...


... a healthy diet. Carbohydrates can be found in:
o Fruits.
o Vegetables.
o Whole grains.
o Dairy products.
o Legumes.
o Certain foods that contain added sugars, such as…
• Carry a 15-gram carbohydrate snack with you at all times, in case you start to experience low blood glucose (hypoglycemia). Some examples of 15-gram carbohydrate snacks include:
o Glucose tablets, 3 or 4.
o Glucose gel, 15-gram tube.
o Raisins, 2 tablespoons (24 grams).
o Jelly beans, 6.
o Animal crackers, 8.
o Fruit juice, regular soda (not diet soda), or milk that is low-fat or skim, 4 ounces (120 mL).
o Gummy treats, 9.
• If you become sick and you are unable to eat or drink as usual, follow your sick-day plan, as told by your health care provider. When you are sick, it is very important to take your diabetes medicine, take your insulin, and eat some form of carbohydrate.

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