Essay on A Study On Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Essay on A Study On Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) accounts for approximately 90-95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes, and in 2012, diabetes related health care costs in the United States were estimated at $245 billion (Santos-Longhurst, 2014). With the increasing prevalence of diagnosis, that figure will continue to grow. Comorbidities of T2DM can be debilitating and include, but are not limited to, impaired heart, circulatory and nervous system function, kidney disease, infection, amputations, blindness, and hearing loss. The majority of the aforementioned complications are directly affected by damage to the body’s circulatory system caused by uncontrolled blood glucose levels. Physical activity has been proven to enhance circulatory function and insulin sensitivity which, in turn, decreases circulating blood glucose levels. The American Diabetes Association has published recommendations regarding physical activity for optimizing health in this population. For patients with T2DM, the effect of regular, physical activity serves to promote prevention, delay onset, and treat the progress of associated illness.
Background of Study
In recent years, there has been a worldwide epidemic of T2DM. Likewise, there is an increased prevalence of people at risk for late complications of T2DM related to insufficient physical activity. Regular physical activity helps to reduce chronic illness that is secondary to the disease. If not addressed, the demand for nursing care will continue to increase as patient comorbidities rise. In addition, the cost of health care for these patients would be expected to increase as well. However, this progression of disease is preventable in many cases. The purpose of this study was to assess and analyze the physical acti...


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...hroughout this experiment to cause concern for ethical misconduct.
Conclusion
The results of this study concluded that there was a statistically significant difference in the activity levels of male patients with T2DM and healthy males. Although the results were not significant for differences among the females, the females in the T2DM group were identified to perform physical activity less frequently, and of a lower intensity, than those in the control group. Since participants were required to rank their activity levels, it is believed that this information was likely overstated which leads researchers to believe that actual activity levels are lower than presented. Hence, there is a serious need to develop and initiate programs that promote physical activity in both healthy and unhealthy populations as this is more cost preventative than treatment of this disease.

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